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Epistemology: How Do I Know? | Episode 1807 | Closer To Truth

  • เผยแพร่เมื่อ 18 มี.ค. 2020
  • Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge. How can we have confidence in what we know or believe? What is knowledge? What is belief? How is belief justified? And is justified belief knowledge? How can we not doubt everything? Featuring interviews with Robert Audi, Meghan Sullivan, Bas C. van Fraassen, Louis Caruana, and David Bentley Hart.
    Season 18, Episode 7 - #CloserToTruth
    ▶Register for free at CTT.com for subscriber-only exclusives: bit.ly/2GXmFsP
    Closer To Truth host Robert Lawrence Kuhn takes viewers on an intriguing global journey into cutting-edge labs, magnificent libraries, hidden gardens, and revered sanctuaries in order to discover state-of-the-art ideas and make them real and relevant.
    ▶Free access to Closer to Truth's library of 5,000 videos: bit.ly/376lkKN
    Closer to Truth presents the world’s greatest thinkers exploring humanity’s deepest questions. Discover fundamental issues of existence. Engage new and diverse ways of thinking. Appreciate intense debates. Share your own opinions. Seek your own answers.
    #Epistemology #Consciousness

ความคิดเห็น • 558

  • @CloserToTruthTV
    @CloserToTruthTV  4 ปีที่แล้ว +50

    Did you learn anything new about epistemology? We'd like to hear about it in the comments!
    If you enjoyed this episode of Closer To Truth, please consider subscribing. You can find more episodes from Season 18 in the Season 18 playlist on our channel: @t

    • @mikebell4649
      @mikebell4649 4 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      Closer To Truth u seem lose an epistemological stance when u talk to religious people n not ask the right questions! Do u have an agenda of fueling their belief system?

    • @Execrate200
      @Execrate200 4 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      The Globe earth is nothing but an idiotic belief. Like much of so called Science.
      This i Know. Would like to ask, how you know where you are?
      If you have no knowledge of where you are
      then what are you doing in this place you do not know?

    • @edwardandrade4390
      @edwardandrade4390 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      Yeah, I'd learn a lot and question even more. But this is the magic of learning

    • @edwardandrade4390
      @edwardandrade4390 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@mikebell4649 what would you call the right question to you? You mean like asking the person " do you believe in god" or asking " give me the proof of god now "???

    • @caricue
      @caricue 3 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      Robert, that guy, van Fraassen, is incredibly intelligent. I would love to be in one of his classes as a young person. I was as surprised as he when you didn't relent on your faith in photons when he pointed out that the whole enterprise of perceptual science was based on the fact that one could perceive a color, like brown. I guess we all have some hill that we are willing to die on.

  • @chrisjonesii7440
    @chrisjonesii7440 3 ปีที่แล้ว +86

    Anyone else just stumble upon Epistemology and now you question everything around you? Maybe Im just super high right now but wow my mind is blown

    • @Sunrazeone
      @Sunrazeone 2 ปีที่แล้ว


    • @shannontaylor1849
      @shannontaylor1849 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      Nah, I came looking, I think.
      How would I know?

    • @mauriceduenas1586
      @mauriceduenas1586 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5

      My reality since philosophy 101

    • @Morbid_God
      @Morbid_God 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      I just found epistemology but I already questioned everything.

    • @andrewgreen5574
      @andrewgreen5574 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Eh, Max Stirner's ontology brought me here, lol.

  • @abhishekshah11
    @abhishekshah11 4 ปีที่แล้ว +54

    I think of a question, Robert comes with a video. Love this channel.

  • @hishamgornass4577
    @hishamgornass4577 4 ปีที่แล้ว +66

    This is such an amazing channel.
    You are doing an amazing job Robert.
    Never stop ♥️

  • @eldonbrown1126
    @eldonbrown1126 4 ปีที่แล้ว +88

    I feel so blessed to have found this channel on TH-cam. This show is so thought provoking and informative.

    • @bradr3541
      @bradr3541 3 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      You can download the podcast versions free on iTunes

    • @thatguy-el9vm
      @thatguy-el9vm 3 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      Most especially since we are on a platform where everyone is giving arguments based on what they feel

    • @shiddy.
      @shiddy. 2 ปีที่แล้ว


    • @blaster-zy7xx
      @blaster-zy7xx 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      Thought provoking: Yes. Informative; not so much. There is never a conclusion to these videos or a sense of closure. Every one of these videos seems to end with questions and not answers.

    • @shiddy.
      @shiddy. 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@blaster-zy7xx that's one of the things that's so great about it

  • @leo0918
    @leo0918 4 ปีที่แล้ว +36

    Dear Sir Robert Kuhn,
    i wish that the cosmos will give you a long and truthful life so that you can continue making videos like these.
    i want you to know that i deeply appreciate all of its contents. you are my ultimate buddy on my personal quest for truth. this place we are currently in is kind of deppressing and full of uncertainty. im only 29 years old but i am already filled with disturbing questions about my existence and origin.
    thank you so much for giving me some comfort and temporary answers.

    • @mamtasingh-me5vh
      @mamtasingh-me5vh 4 ปีที่แล้ว +7

      You are not alone ,

    • @billweaver6092
      @billweaver6092 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Has this American chap really been given a knighthood?

    • @Pheer777
      @Pheer777 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      I feel you. I'm 23 and on some level I feel lile humans did not evolve to ask such questions on a deep level. It's almost like a robot who deeply amd happily believes in god and looking at its source code and realizing that its just bits. I feel we probably didn't evolve for this and the healthy mind isn't meant to probe these things for too long.

    • @thebatman6201
      @thebatman6201 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      My brain read that in Japanese and you are now flirting

    • @deedhesi8014
      @deedhesi8014 ปีที่แล้ว

      Leo, keep searching - there is a place of certainty that can be known.

    @HMALDANA 3 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    I love your quest, Robert. For some reason, I am fascinated by this kind of questions and find the exploration to be personally autotelic. Thanks for sharing!

  • @EBreezy40
    @EBreezy40 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4

    Robert you and this channel are amazing! Thank you so much! So, insightful, so fun.

  • @asmomair
    @asmomair 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Simply mind-blowing and mind-boggling!

  • @shiddy.
    @shiddy. 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5

    I suddenly find myself excited to watch a video about epistemology
    this channel is exceptional at creating an interest to learn more ... bravo

  • @Jonnygurudesigns
    @Jonnygurudesigns 2 ปีที่แล้ว +8

    Today is the first I've heard the word epistemology.. Goggled it.. Got it.. I love how much this channel has opened my mind and how much of a learning process I've experienced here.. Big fan..

  • @icklinmorgan4926
    @icklinmorgan4926 3 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    The fact that one can have favourite epistemologist is a new thought. I do admire too the person reply when he was asked the question. He said he himself is his favourite

  • @1995yuda
    @1995yuda 3 ปีที่แล้ว +14

    This is possibly the best channel on TH-cam. This is no easy feat.

    • @lowlowseesee
      @lowlowseesee 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Aka I really like this channel lol

  • @michaelmcarthur8364
    @michaelmcarthur8364 3 ปีที่แล้ว +6

    Stellar... simply stellar.

  • @NQuiz52
    @NQuiz52 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    This is the GREATEST series on the GREATEST topics known to man!

  • @nealpeterson3113
    @nealpeterson3113 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5

    "Epistemology, the knowledge of knowing, is part of ontology, the knowledge of being, for knowing is an event within the totality of events." - Paul Tilich

  • @markanthonymuya6258
    @markanthonymuya6258 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Wonderful! Thanks!

  • @Blap552
    @Blap552 10 หลายเดือนก่อน

    "I need to be fearless to get closer to the truth!" Amen sir!

  • @MiklahLife
    @MiklahLife 3 ปีที่แล้ว +11

    Seriously, this is amazing channel. I love the interviews. About skepticism, I picked the idea that we don't have 'right' to cast doubt on some knowledge, for example, the brown, yet we are using more problematic words or language to cast our doubt. It becomes circular and we can't break out of it. Instead, as a young student of theology, i would take the last advice of spirituality that insists that there could objective truth that we can't even prove in words or any form of evidence. Epistemology is real frightening!

  • @jamesukongoumir5826
    @jamesukongoumir5826 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Amazing !

  • @samrogers9515
    @samrogers9515 4 ปีที่แล้ว +12

    This is my favorite episode that I've watched. I need to watch it a couple more times. I'm not a philosopher or scholar. These just help me admit to myself I don't "know" what I thought I knew. I'm not going to abandon ship, I'm just gonna shut up a little more.

    • @caricue
      @caricue 3 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      Sam, I'm right there with you. Socrates would embarrass people by publicly showing that they didn't actually know what they were so proud to proclaim as ultimate truth. I've come to believe that "I don't know" is the first step to wisdom.

    • @albert6157
      @albert6157 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Agree, Socratic method which led to the Scientific method. Are the only ways we can indirectly know and understand reality.

  • @user-lz6dm5lk9y
    @user-lz6dm5lk9y 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    I have enjoyed this channel since I discovered it (although I was surprised to learn Kuhn is not a philosopher by trade). This is arguably the best episode I have screened thus far, and I have screened quite a few.
    Bottomline is we cannot "know" anything, and we will always be searching using the limited "tools" we have available to us, one being language itself which will always be nothing more than a never ending search to describe anything and everything.

  • @iLikeMyOwnPosts
    @iLikeMyOwnPosts 3 ปีที่แล้ว +3

    Once a woman took me home from the dance club for a one night stand. She had a book titled "epistemology" on her book shelf. She ghosted me after that, but I've never forgotten her.

  • @guillermobrand8458
    @guillermobrand8458 3 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    Knowing what lies behind the desire to know is ignored knowledge. Knowing about it is essential to try to satisfy our desire to know.

  • @frankcallo6630
    @frankcallo6630 5 หลายเดือนก่อน

    This is the best, most susinct summation of the problem I have seen here on TH-cam. I got my BA in philosophy and my experience was that people, professors and students alike, tended to sweep these questions under the carpet once they found an argument strong enough to support their intuitions. Epistemology is intelectual criptonite.

  • @SabiazothPsyche
    @SabiazothPsyche 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    The "knowing" in of itself is instinctive: A sole somatic capacity to just know.

  • @richardmooney383
    @richardmooney383 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4

    We can say that we "know" things, but how do we know we know? We don't. Being convinced of a belief does not make that belief true, it just makes it true that we are convinced. We could be wrong but we don't think we are. At the most basic level, if everyone is singing from the same hymn sheet, what we "know" is true only if everybody else would reach the same conclusion when presented with the same evidence. It might be called "functional truth". And that's the best we've got. Absolute truth might exist, but it is not accessible.

  • @dreyestud123
    @dreyestud123 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    I gotta say that I love when RLK gets questioned himself he falls apart. He is told why the idea of the "photon" is more intellectually believable to him. The assumptions he makes about the optic nerve, lateral geniculate and the visual cortex which is greater than the assumptions he has to make about the brown pew.

  • @francescomenichella6750
    @francescomenichella6750 3 ปีที่แล้ว


  • @bfree5580
    @bfree5580 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    I’m always using this phrase... closer to truth... in research courses.

  • @NothingMaster
    @NothingMaster 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    To know things you have to first ask the right questions. That’s easier said than done.

  • @soubhikmukherjee6871
    @soubhikmukherjee6871 3 ปีที่แล้ว +3

    I love philosophy bcz it asks the biggest questions.

    • @user-fs9jn5kh7m
      @user-fs9jn5kh7m 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      Unnecessary knowledge

    • @memduhturan5980
      @memduhturan5980 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@user-fs9jn5kh7m you don’t know much about philosophy do you?

    • @user-fs9jn5kh7m
      @user-fs9jn5kh7m 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@memduhturan5980 I don't need unnecessary knowledge, therefore I am.

    • @memduhturan5980
      @memduhturan5980 3 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      @@user-fs9jn5kh7m if you think Islam opposes Philosophy you should do some research?

  • @ndumisomtshali383
    @ndumisomtshali383 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    "How do I know what I say I know?"... Right now that is the leading question in my mind. Until I find an acceptable answer to that I shall have a headache.

  • @user-nh7nb8pr3f
    @user-nh7nb8pr3f 5 หลายเดือนก่อน

    The foundations for answering the questions in the series are the main obstacle. It is like being a muscled athlete without better engineering for the feet, or at least more fat and muscle on the feet.

  • @christopherwall444
    @christopherwall444 ปีที่แล้ว

    This gentleman is quite eloquent...very clear as to his deep thoughts

  • @owencampbell4947
    @owencampbell4947 3 ปีที่แล้ว +8

    Love your channel Robert, and love to think about it to.
    My thoughts go to asking, why do we not question the meaning of words, the meaning of meaning and why knowing more words seem to dominate the intelligence.
    Is intelligence based on words?
    why is "love" taught to be the same and in connection with God?
    when we know in the arab world a man can have more than one wife, can his love be the same as the love of loving one woman? the love of a father to his son is other than the love to his wife,
    do we fit words, as title, names, introductories, just to confirm we are right in what we say?
    or is the logic depending on better words to continue its level? why can we be convinced or is it the influenced way to fit in the puzzle?

  • @jamesruscheinski8602
    @jamesruscheinski8602 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Justification for belief may be establishing a sound basis to know something sufficient for a person, whether scientific equations, theories of nature, philosophical principle or divine revelation.

  • @youtubetrailerpark
    @youtubetrailerpark 3 ปีที่แล้ว +3

    I think the fundamental problem is in believing that we can understand everything.

  • @bangbri526
    @bangbri526 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    It is interesting to know God and toknow about God. Thank you very much. It is enlighting.

  • @mirelgoi7855
    @mirelgoi7855 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    Marshall Vian Summers writes incredibly well about Knowledge, our inner wisdom, our connection to the Source and the universe. A good book to start with, for example, is one called the Power of Knowledge. All of his texts are free online, just google it.

  • @jamesruscheinski8602
    @jamesruscheinski8602 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    The color brown of the furniture is sufficient for the meeting of the two persons (aesthetic), but may not be sufficient for using the furniture in ways different than sitting for a meeting.

  • @sharonlee7111
    @sharonlee7111 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Love this one! Yes question everything! God wants us to seek him with all our heart ,soul ,and mind.🤔💓🙏

    • @JohnSmith-db2wl
      @JohnSmith-db2wl ปีที่แล้ว +3

      Which imaginary sky daddy is it?🤣

  • @avecina6460
    @avecina6460 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Knowledge come from/through cognition...
    Truth can be percieved thru Reason/intuition and thru experience..
    There are two types of knowledge, internal knowledge( world of cause and reality)) and external(physical reality) knowledge
    Like seeing the external person(eyes, head, face hand body feet== external outside form), but there is a internal inner person ( invisible Mind , inner character= the internal world of Cause/reality)..
    As stated by apostle Paul in Romans 1: 20...
    How can we know s person ? We can know him thru his works/actions and words..
    We can know God thru his WORDS(recorded scriptures) and thtu his works of creation...

  • @marktulloss4856
    @marktulloss4856 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Gee Pal, Thanks A lot!

  • @Nicoladen1
    @Nicoladen1 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Once we reach the end of our understanding we create more concepts to expand on the already existing web of symbols in order to increase our understanding aka increase complexity aka create the possibility of understanding by implying there being something that's not understood. Because information is structured data. Structure implies rules, rules are forced restrictions.
    So knowledge is the forced limiting of our perception of reality for the sole purpose of creating knowledge in the first place. Knowledge is really just limiting yourself. That's why unlearning is far more insightful than learning. Instead of adding onto the filters, let's get rid of them. Let's see what is, rather than what we think is based on the countless limits we put on our perception via means of buying into the idea of understanding. Complexity arises when one trys to explain reality with words. Because words are clunky.
    Trying to explain the world is symptomatic of our belief that knowledge is better than no knowledge. Knowledge is no more than fiction.
    Also language implies object and verb. That's why I am. But a language with only verbs would dictate that there is being. But no I that is. Just being. Now that would feel equally as true if we were brought up that way. Thinking is taught. You cannot argue for knowledge by using knowledge. That's like fixing a hammer with itself. If you value knowledge over belief it's because you believe in knowledge. It's an endless cycle. Best get off the bicycle from time to time

  • @DarkSkay
    @DarkSkay ปีที่แล้ว

    Thanks! I'm looking for opinions on the following, quite unusual statement+question pair:
    (T1) "The number of questions one can ask about the world is astronomical. How can {a piece of software} contain all those questions?"

  • @darylallen2485
    @darylallen2485 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Robert Lawrence Kuhn, are you there?

  • @1654106
    @1654106 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    You can know everything, but while keeping it you don't know what it is! Only in the moment you got it or you loos it you know!

  • @pennydove8272
    @pennydove8272 3 ปีที่แล้ว +3

    When I make plans, I like to say for example, "if all goes well, I will go to Hawaii in June".

  • @jahtea7849
    @jahtea7849 4 ปีที่แล้ว +5

    Clincher argument: "..but come on!"

  • @anilpokhrel5143
    @anilpokhrel5143 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    It helps to become more generic to all aspects of life and generate more questions to all aspects. Never ending chain reaction.

  • @Jinxed007
    @Jinxed007 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

    I wonder if it's technically possible to reduce all concepts down to a single, fundamental idea in which all other concepts branch out of. It's likely the first sound we uttered with which we attached a set, transferable meaning. It would have to be a concept described by actions because no words would exist to describe it. This rabbit hole of thought gets interesting very quickly. I really do wonder what that word would be.

    • @hamis490
      @hamis490 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      This is what the philosopher descarte did. Its called foundationalism

    • @thejimmymeister
      @thejimmymeister ปีที่แล้ว

      @@hamis490 I don't think Descartes actually did this. He only got down to three foundational principles: I think, therefore I am; God is necessarily good; and clear and distinct knowledge. Of course, these principles also require their own more fundamental concepts: God, goodness, I, thinking, necessity, etc.
      I think better examples are philosophers like Parmenides, Plato, and Aristotle. They all sought to ground reality in a single concept, like Being or the Good, which is either the ultimate source of all else or itself the totality of all that is.

    • @thejimmymeister
      @thejimmymeister ปีที่แล้ว

      I don't see why the fundamental concept would have to be described by actions. Even if it pre-dates other concepts used for verbal description, appropriate verbal description could arise later and then be applied to it.
      Regarding the possibility of such a fundamental concept, Quine famously argued against it in quite a compelling way. Quine's argument is what the Dean of Philosophy at the Gregorian University is talking about when he discusses holism at 19:18.

  • @mikewazowski350
    @mikewazowski350 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Epistemology has allowed me to be a better human. I don't take things at face value like I did when I was very young. I was taught by my parents and other elders as to what was the truth, but when I learned epistemology I started to question what is true, what is knowledge and what is reality.

  • @crunchybroll4731
    @crunchybroll4731 10 หลายเดือนก่อน

    With skepticism if you see through everything you'll thus see nothing. If you doubt everything then you have no answers to anything not even if you are alive. But the truth is we are here and we do exist

  • @BuddyLee23
    @BuddyLee23 4 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    I’m not religious, but I always enjoy the clips of the last guy interviewed. He’s like an encyclopedia of ways to talking meaningfully about god.

    • @killjoymcnugget7877
      @killjoymcnugget7877 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      I am not religious either but this man seems very humble and rational. Both are very useful and good qualities not only for one to strive for but also to be used in discussions about the scientific and spiritual perspective.

    • @thinkislamcheckmychannel
      @thinkislamcheckmychannel 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      Perhaps that IS being religious. Maybe deeply

  • @redpillpusher
    @redpillpusher 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    ....and the winner of The Best Word Salad Award goes to ..........................................................................................................................................

  • @Mommyandtux
    @Mommyandtux 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    This series is incredible
    You're proof God exists!! Lol G(g)od(s)(esses) bless you!

  • @pennydove8272
    @pennydove8272 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Stopped clocks are right at least twice per day

  • @bobeileen1
    @bobeileen1 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    God is all knowing. HE is the only ONE. We can do nothing or know anything without HIM.

  • @HeliumXenonKrypton
    @HeliumXenonKrypton 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    The mind is not a thing, it is a process. It is a process of ordering things into some particular order which may suit some local utilitarian immediate needs, or some global all encompassing question such as the search for TOE. All of these things reduce to mere orderings, by the mind, of things considered factual. All of these tentative "facts" held in the mind are given weights, and they may be probabilistic or deterministic. The mind is an ongoing, fluid process of continual sortation and reordering of these things held as tentative "facts". The mind is a sortation device.

  • @fredseiler9109
    @fredseiler9109 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    My favorite epistemologist is Dr Harry Binswanger, author of How We Know.

  • @priortokaraew7569
    @priortokaraew7569 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Robert is smarter, more reasonable and deeper than most everyone he speaks to. Thanks Robert for showing us how the experts are anything but that.

  • @arbaazmir854
    @arbaazmir854 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Can somebody please recommend to me channels similar to this, I am yearning to find content that makes me question my ideas, opinions, and logic?

    • @stigrynning
      @stigrynning 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Go to Closer To Truth's channel page by clicking the channel name beneath the video title. Then click the "CHANNELS" tab and I think you will find some channels to explore and they too will have similar link lists on their pages. It seems to me this channel is quite unique, though, so I don't know how similar you will find them. Luckily, Closer To Truth have several hundred, if not thousands of videos to choose from.

    • @nevadataylor
      @nevadataylor 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      If thats the case, you dont want shows like this! Nothing but Robert trying to square his religious fantasies with Science. If you really want to have your eyes opened with logic, I recommend the Atheist Experience with Matt Dillahunty.

    • @thejimmymeister
      @thejimmymeister ปีที่แล้ว

      I suggest Philosophy Overdose. It has a broad range of philosophy content, mostly interviews with prominent philosophers and full lectures recorded at universities. As a smaller channel, there is less bad philosophy to sort through in the comments. A lot of the commenters also participate in longer discussions, responding to those who respond to them.
      americanphilosopher is another good one. It has lots of short videos with Richard Rorty and his critics. I'm not sure if it's still active in uploading videos, though.

  • @G_Demolished
    @G_Demolished 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    When he said he was going to venture beyond the physical world, for some reason I thought of The Great Space Coaster.

  • @mehnazhossain4632
    @mehnazhossain4632 ปีที่แล้ว

    Have I gotten epistemology, and ontology, I am confused.

  • @michaelward878
    @michaelward878 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    There is a true spirituality but it is not from the ancient calendar it is through scientific Consciousness that it lays before your eyes. One example of many Universal connectedness

  • @JohnSmith-wu6yx
    @JohnSmith-wu6yx ปีที่แล้ว

    I’m holding an idea of a cup of coffee right now, but am sad that I will never fully hold an actual cup of coffee…..but the caffeine is real 😊

  • @SC-bg8wf
    @SC-bg8wf 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    Science is your answer to gaining knowledge. Forget about religion, there's no evidence, in fact belief without evidence seems to be a virtue.

    • @RetNemmoc555
      @RetNemmoc555 ปีที่แล้ว

      Yeah, I have a hard time staying with "religion is a way of knowing" meanderings. It's just equivocation and gobbledygook to me.

  • @Karlo-lb5ie
    @Karlo-lb5ie 10 หลายเดือนก่อน


  • @redpillpusher
    @redpillpusher 3 ปีที่แล้ว +4

    skepticism is a virtue

    • @Jamie-Russell-CME
      @Jamie-Russell-CME 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      I disagree, why should I believe that? I suppose definition might be a good start. Perhaps I have brought baggage to that word. But my first thought would be that, in and of itself, that is not true. It needs a qualifier. Change my mind?
      I can think of many situations where skepticism would be foolish.

    • @redpillpusher
      @redpillpusher 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@Jamie-Russell-CME defintion: a skeptical attitude; doubt as to the truth of something. By your very "disagreement" you are exercising skepticism so your comment is somewhat incoherent. you are using the very thing you are questioning.
      levity aside how can not taking for granted the truth of a matter not be the more virtuous path.

  • @peterbarker8249
    @peterbarker8249 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    ..what Younus take into account,is that the short , take, video, account,
    visual, change of scenes etc,
    ..are to

  • @motherofallemails
    @motherofallemails 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Unverifiable testament full of self contradiction should be epistemologically firmly beneath objective self verifiable observation.
    "Take my word for it."

  • @jamesruscheinski8602
    @jamesruscheinski8602 ปีที่แล้ว

    World is experienced? Might consciousness make known?

  • @AsmirEmrovic
    @AsmirEmrovic 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    It would have been interesting to interview Dr. Zakir Naik who lectures God on Islam and other religions. we look forward to you booking an appointment with him. I think it will be a good conversation. Many of his lectures on God can be found on youtube.

  • @cmvamerica9011
    @cmvamerica9011 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    All we know is how we feel.

    • @ihatespam2
      @ihatespam2 7 หลายเดือนก่อน

      We are not aware of much that we feel. Repression is real.

  • @michaelbindner9883
    @michaelbindner9883 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    You should try talking to both the folks at Objective Personality, which uses Jungian cognition to type personalities, which leads to both self understanding and empathy. Also on Jung, you should talk to someone in the recovery community - preferably an old=timer (someone with over 20 years) to find out about that type of practical spirituality. I can put you in touch with someone about that.

    @LiLMARSLI 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    I usually listen to these videos rather than watching them. I heard Prof Robert Audi speaking, and I thought he was a young man.

  • @peterdesmidt8742
    @peterdesmidt8742 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    If 'certain' means that we can't be wrong, then we aren't certain about anything, but the quest for certainty is not a good starting point. A better starting point is the realization that after making a decision that things could have been better, and then undertaking to do better in the future. In the most general sense, that's what philosophy is: the attempt to do better in the future. That activity comes with beliefs and values. The world is a certain way, and it could have been better. That is not an activity that is argued for. It arose out of the development of conscious life, and evolutionary processes produced consciousness, most likely, because being able to make such decisions had a general fitness advantage, which is the explanation generally given for why evolutionary processes produce any complicated system. Doubt is useful for making advances, but general doubt is not. It doesn't count in favor of one claim about the world over another, except for the claim that we can be certain. Applying universal doubt to other areas is just a category mistake. "Hey! That's my car!" "No it's not. You might be a brain in a vat. There might not be a car!" "In that case, the same thing applies to you!" Possibly being right is consistent with possibly being wrong. Certainty is unobtainable, but progress, systems of beliefs that allow great control over what happens, along with clarification as to what values are better, can be achieved. As Steven Pinker says, even the most ardent denier of truth and progress prefers her surgery with anesthesia.

  • @Appleblade
    @Appleblade 3 ปีที่แล้ว +8

    It is a sign of the apocalypse that this channel has only 164K subscribers.

    • @ImHeadshotSniper
      @ImHeadshotSniper 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      i'm with you there. while i am totally accepting of the fact that not everyone is a deep philosophical thinker, it is more my concern about any given person believing something that is factually wrong for ANY reason.
      and hell, while epistemology is often a strong case for atheism, you can JUST as easily reason through means of epistemology that "a creator may exist" (without using any potentially fake stories or prophecies, so NO ROOM FOR RELIGION!!!!), by just saying, well as far as the big bang goes, we don't know what caused that, so i'm inclined to believe there is a creator who caused it etc. etc.) {i don't personally believe there is a creator, but if you presuppose yourself to that idea that there is no creator in an argument with a theist, then good luck having them understand your point of your whatsoever :P}
      i think this is why religious people are so afraid of epistemology, but like Anthony Magnabosco on youtube shows you, epistemology can be applied to literally ANY idea that you have a sided opinion on to determine if you came to your belief in a reasonable manner, most importantly, without any presupposed biases

  • @projectmalus
    @projectmalus 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    The question for me is not how we know, but what is the right wedding for science, with business or philosophy? Some business seems to have a telos (transhumanism, staking out new territory etc) which directs science, might try to give it the identity science lacks and fill a void as it were. There is that useful side of business which is good.

  • @virtuouspyromaniac4467
    @virtuouspyromaniac4467 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Do I wanna know?
    If this feeling flows both ways

  • @alv134mommy
    @alv134mommy 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    oh man, I am grieving so intensely, and yes, this is exactly what I am up against, how do I know, how can I just believe, but instead I feel confused and like nothing is real, super isolating way to feel, makes things just feel empty and meaningless

    • @skydude7682
      @skydude7682 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      With your arrival at this conclusion you have made the same mistake I did of tying together meaning with knowing. I do not need to understand anything to attribute meaning within my own subjective experience life is beautiful because I give it that meaning not for anyone else but for myself.

    • @shanethompson8730
      @shanethompson8730 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      This grief is maybe needed, but there are knowable things. Even if you need to create a little to stay afloat. Much love

    • @alv134mommy
      @alv134mommy 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@shanethompson8730 thank you so much for your kind words

    • @Happys_Art
      @Happys_Art 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      I’m in the same boat . That’s were I believe we need to depend on god and let god enlighten us .

  • @ericpham8205
    @ericpham8205 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Because what happened to a child believe or know at birth or was there a birth or just realization appearance rather than birth

  • @jameslabs1
    @jameslabs1 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    An important question... Why do educators overuse the word "So"? Can this be corrected?

    • @twntwrs
      @twntwrs 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      It's part of the package that includes up talk, vocal fry and "like".

  • @benvendergood1064
    @benvendergood1064 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Is the nobility of suffering worth the logical
    fallacy of its truth?
    The truth often hurts because philosophers do not realize
    that truth, by definition, isn't true . . .
    The linguistic morpheme, "th" infers that
    an analysis is in progress.
    Truth infers an analysis of the probability that
    it is true (100% factual just as 1 + 1 = 2),
    an inference that a truth is never 100% true.
    Ergo to seek truth insures that one suffers to the
    exact degree that that truth was not true.
    Are we reaching synthesis as what is true
    from testing our truths OR are we killing
    what is true, one truth at a time?

  • @SteveRayDarrell
    @SteveRayDarrell 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    How and why are all these videos exactly 26:48 min long?

    • @cole141000
      @cole141000 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      Never even realized that

  • @keramatebrahimi943
    @keramatebrahimi943 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Man asks so many questions.the less one asks the less one wants to know.

  • @jeremyduguay3640
    @jeremyduguay3640 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    How about why do I not know?

  • @mikedziuba8617
    @mikedziuba8617 3 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    It might be useful to think of doubt and confidence as the opposite ends of a continuous spectrum. Because then they aren't mutually exclusive anymore. For example, you can have 90% confidence and 10% doubt about something at the same time. And if you don't know something, then it's the same as having evenly balanced confidence and doubt at 50% each.
    If you look at confidence and doubt co-existing together, rather than being mutually exclusive, then you can have an open mind and be ready to change it, when new evidence either increases or decreases your confidence. But if you look at confidence and doubt in binary terms, then this is like being a fanatic, so totally sure about your knowledge or lack of it, that no facts and no evidence can change it.
    It's true that people have both capabilities and failings, when it comes to knowing things. That's why having varying degrees of confidence and doubt at the same time makes the most sense.

  • @edwardandrade4390
    @edwardandrade4390 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Let me tell everyone this channel is like no other. Like no other in the sense that it dares question that that many won't. Answers is what we need and this shows puts all on the test for the answers we all need.

    • @thegoodlistenerslistenwell2646
      @thegoodlistenerslistenwell2646 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      As you keep searching for truth , youll come to lose all importance. Until youve lost importance, youll never understand what is important. Im not speaking nonsense, its the key to losing bias. Enlightenment is knowing its okay to just do. Beyond that is doing, without hesitation, whatever you think.

  • @brushbros
    @brushbros 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    To defend "common sense" is circular though. CS does not support quantum mechanics after all.

  • @LG-lb7sf
    @LG-lb7sf 3 ปีที่แล้ว +5

    Why do we need it to be empirically true in order to accept it as a possible beneficial aspect to our lives? I have interwoven a type of aporia into my belief system. I'm aware of how there is no one person in this universe that truly knows everything and can undoubtedly prove it. Having accepted that (assuming it is "true"), it somewhat frees me to move about my life unaffected by the fact that some portions of my beliefs could very strongly be false which allows me to care less and appreciate things (events/phenomena) as best as I can perceive them. E.g. I grew up believing in Santa Claus, I become aware that it's all a fantasy, I accept he is not real but continue to indulge in the fantasy because it's fun and it makes me "happy", all the while never losing sight of the fact that it's not real. The deeper issue behind it all is that I would like for it to be real. This is where I've found myself in my quest for truth and I'm at a standstill. Deep down it troubles me that the bigger issue here is not whether something is true but that I need it to be to make sense of what I'm doing here to make bigger sense of why I am here. So, what has been keeping me afloat for now is the idea that as long as we aren't hurting others or ourselves by indulging in certain unproven beliefs, I think we can give ourselves the permission to indulge in certain beliefs that might never be empirically proven but could possibly give us some type of illusion of happiness. That's all I got so far. Anyway, as Captain Mulder says, #iwanttobelieve.

    • @jessewestlund5159
      @jessewestlund5159 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      I'm in a similar boat. I've deconstructed every belief I've ever had(right down to existence itself) and am now allowing myself to indulge in some that I know are unlikely to be true because it feels nice and helps me feel like life is worth living.

    • @LG-lb7sf
      @LG-lb7sf 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      @@jessewestlund5159 Beautiful to know we are here together :)

    • @corydorastube
      @corydorastube 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@jessewestlund5159 So you don't care if your beliefs are true, you fill your head with stupid stuff because it makes you feeel good. Does the stupid stuff that makes you feel good influence your vote and inflict your stupid stuff on others?

    • @jessewestlund5159
      @jessewestlund5159 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@corydorastube I’m curious what sort of beliefs you think I’m indulging in.

    • @corydorastube
      @corydorastube 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      @@jessewestlund5159 By your own admission BS that you know is unlikely to be true. That sounds to me like you don't care. I care. I want to believe as many true things and a few false things as possible. Show me that a belief I have held is false and it will be in the garbage can like an old newspaper.

  • @billjohnston6959
    @billjohnston6959 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    You know what you know now. Tomorrow you may learn something new which may change what you thought you knew before. That is life. Dont make up stories to explain away living.

  • @Stimmevon70
    @Stimmevon70 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

    Closer To Truth, I have long subscribed to your channel, and consider it one of the very few things that I find worth watching. I appreciate how unassuming you are, your doubts, and your curious disposition. However, I noticed that almost NONE of your panelists ever discuss non-White philosophers, scientists, etc. For example, it is my opinion that Al Ghazali makes Descartes look like a novice, if not a plagiarist, when it comes to describing knowledge. Yet, the latter is famous globally, while the former remains mostly obscured. I state this with admiration and affection for you.

    • @CloserToTruthTV
      @CloserToTruthTV  2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      We appreciate your point. Closer To Truth is striving to add more non-Western philosophy and philosophers. See below for our start. Much more is coming in CTT's partnership with the Global Philosophy of Religion Project at the University of Birmingham.

    • @CloserToTruthTV
      @CloserToTruthTV  2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      Seyyed Hossein Nasr (multiple interviews/topics) - closertotruth.com/contributor/seyyed-nasr/profile

    • @CloserToTruthTV
      @CloserToTruthTV  2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      Mahmoud Ayoub (multiple interviews/topics) - closertotruth.com/contributor/mahmoud-ayoub/profile

    • @CloserToTruthTV
      @CloserToTruthTV  2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      Hamza Yusuf - Islam in the Global Philosophy of Religion Project - th-cam.com/video/8us98dDs5gI/w-d-xo.html

  • @machida5114
    @machida5114 3 ปีที่แล้ว

    Knowledge (belief) is not justified. Knowledge (belief) is only useful.

    • @thegoodlistenerslistenwell2646
      @thegoodlistenerslistenwell2646 3 ปีที่แล้ว

      Some people believe in slavery and rape. Is that justified because they believe in it? Belief itself is not always useful if you have morals.

  • @artiefischel2579
    @artiefischel2579 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    1:48 Where the hell did the airplane go?

  • @cmvamerica9011
    @cmvamerica9011 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Richard Feynman.

  • @thebatman6201
    @thebatman6201 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

    People just listen to media, authority figures or their intuition.. it seems epistemology is lost.
    We need it now more than ever

  • @benbell9170
    @benbell9170 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

    Great video!
    however, from 15:55 to the conclusion at the end, almost everything was nonsensical, but the first part till that sounds legit to me except the case for ethics being a priori:
    even in this example, one must have some experience of what pain is and empirical data that other humans (and other animals) have also the capacity to feel pain. Just in a bubble of philosophic and pure rational thinking one could never find out these two for instance. (these two are the presumptions of the argumentation and can only get validated empirically)
    What if someone couldn't feel pain? for example if someone is in vegetative state?
    Ethics is also a posteriori! without any confrontation to the outside world, any knowledge of good and bad seem to be impossible. and if so, there is another step: given that we (somehow) understood what is good and evil, why should we do the good and avoid the evil. as Hume pointed out, we can not logically derive "ought" from "is".

  • @swindler1570
    @swindler1570 2 ปีที่แล้ว

    Never go full Cartesian