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Why Solid State Might Save The Combustion Engine

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  • เผยแพร่เมื่อ 24 ก.ค. 2024
  • Light Engine - Check out the AMAZING Henson Shaving Razor & Get 100 FREE Blades! twobit.link/Henson Use CODE: twobitdavinci
    With all the buzz around electric motors, lithium-ion batteries, hydrogen fuel cells, and sustainable fuels, I was totally surprised to hear about a solid-state combustion engine! 🚀 Imagine an engine that's nearly 80% efficient (compared to just 40% for traditional combustion engines) and can run on any fuel! 🤯
    Could this be the game-changer we've been waiting for, or is it just a pipe dream? Let's dive into this exciting discovery and figure it out together! 🔍✨
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    Chapters
    0:00 - Introduction
    1:20 - How it works
    2:30 - Benefits
    4:00 - Electricity Generation
    7:30 - Challenges
    8:45 - Other Approach
    10:37 - Engineering Breakdown
    what we'll cover
    two bit da vinci,toyota engine,internal combustion engine,lightcell,light engine,light cell engine,solid state engine,combustion engine with no moving parts,hydrogen fuelcell,thermophotovoltaic,thermophotovoltaic engine,mesodyne,light cell,light cell technology,solid-state engine,solid-state internal combustion engine,solid-state combustion engine,gas engine with no moving parts,This Solid State Combustion Engine is 2X More Efficient!, Why Solid State Might Save The Combustion Engine
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ความคิดเห็น • 2K

  • @TwoBitDaVinci
    @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +25

    Check out the AMAZING Henson Shaving Razor & Get 100 FREE Blades! twobit.link/Henson Use CODE: twobitdavinci

    • @marsfreelander5969
      @marsfreelander5969 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      i see problems with this and i will list them below
      1 overheating of solar panels
      2 difficulty to start in winter
      3 fouling of system with impure fuel
      4 risk of exploding/out of control burning with damage
      5 HOW DO YOU TURN OFF MOLTEN SODIUM

    • @HWKier
      @HWKier 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      I'm old enough to have lived through the era of the disposable blade, single and double-blade razors. My modern, multi-blade is much better. It lasts for months. Going back to the old way seems to me to be a scam. We have gone beyond disposable blades. Let's not go back.

    • @MrMonkeybat
      @MrMonkeybat หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      @@marsfreelander5969 1 Gallium arsenide is the semiconductor that works best at high temperatures, and is protected by an infrared mirror and likely a vacuum gap. The back side could also be cooled by the incoming air.
      2 Since when do bunsen burners and gas ovens have trouble starting in winter? This will much more reliably start in cold weather than a piston engine, and can help warm the batteries in a hybrid vehicle.
      3 A modern burner combusts fuel much more completely and cleanly than the explosions in a piston engine, there is a constant flow with no moving parts in the way. A piston engine is much more vulnerable to fouling from impure fuel.
      4 No more so than any other vehicle with a fuel tank.
      5 Like a sodium vapor lamp it is likely contained in a chamber. When you turn off the burner it cools down.

    • @LoanwordEggcorn
      @LoanwordEggcorn หลายเดือนก่อน

      8:15 No there's not only two possibilities. The salt is inside a double walled, sealed sapphire tube.
      This is an interesting invention, BUT WE NEED TO STOP BURNING FOSSIL FUELS, AND HYDROGEN AT THIS POINT IS A BORDERLINE SCAM.
      14:39 The waste heat from regular internal combustion engines is too low energy to be used efficiently this way. Thermodynamics.

    • @m4rvinmartian
      @m4rvinmartian หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      *You should be embarrassed for posting this video.*

  • @vjmappy
    @vjmappy 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2171

    99% chance its a scam

    • @stuartburns8657
      @stuartburns8657 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +271

      I'll raise you to 99.9% scam

    • @gamingSlasher
      @gamingSlasher 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +56

      but it sounds so good....

    • @Embassy_of_Jupiter
      @Embassy_of_Jupiter 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +126

      The technology behind it is proven to work at 40% efficiency if you get temperatures north of 2000°C
      the issue is just if it's cheap enough, small enough and reliable enough

    • @NeonNijahn
      @NeonNijahn 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +12

      It's not even a good one.

    • @mj8495
      @mj8495 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +57

      What my grandfather said about computers... some ideas are before their time 😊

  • @u9Nails
    @u9Nails หลายเดือนก่อน +715

    "Solid State Engine" - sounds more exciting words than photovoltaic gas lantern.

    • @tigerstallion
      @tigerstallion หลายเดือนก่อน +31

      also not an engine until you strap an electric motor or some form of mechanical output to it.

    • @mnomadvfx
      @mnomadvfx หลายเดือนก่อน +21

      Exactly.
      It's not solid state either.
      It uses a fuel which means it has a liquid or gas component.

    • @rogerbartley2225
      @rogerbartley2225 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      Was going to say Blowtorch Solar Panel, You said it much better 🙂

    • @HullioGQ
      @HullioGQ หลายเดือนก่อน +5

      I'll wait to see work in real life cause i have seen enough of Elizabeth Holmes' Theranos.

    • @amoo1313
      @amoo1313 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Hmm... interesting. Did you mention the fuel that is used? fossil fuel? or Hydrogen? would it in this case not be easier/ more efficient to use Hydrogen cells?

  • @LaMirah
    @LaMirah หลายเดือนก่อน +389

    I'm no photovoltaics specialist, but I worked in a lab at a university where the people next door worked on micro-scale heat exchangers, and one of their projects was related to recovering waste heat from Concentrated Photovoltaic Cells (CPV), a system where a relatively cheap, large Fresnel-type lens diverts sunlight into a relatively expensive, small PV cell. The problem with that is that the cell efficiency was inversely proportional to its temperature, which is why they were trying to match these tiny heat exchangers with the tiny PV cells and use that heat to convert alcohol and plant oil into biodiesel.
    This engine obviously works at high temperatures. Low-Pressure Sodium Vapor lamps work at about 300°C, and the assembly seems too compact for meaningful insulation, so these cells would be working at high, temperatures, and therefore at lowered efficiencies. I'd wait for independent confirmation of these numbers before believing these are even in the correct order of magnitude.

    • @AdamMclardy
      @AdamMclardy หลายเดือนก่อน +17

      That’s exactly the issue. This would straight up melt these cells

    • @drillerdev4624
      @drillerdev4624 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      My first thought was exactly wether this sodium lamp an cell system could be used to discharge excess heat from traditional PVs (improving their efficency) while at the same time obtaining some more electricity out of it.
      Obviously your lab roommates were smarter than me, so I guess it wasn't doable/cheap enough.

    • @snorttroll4379
      @snorttroll4379 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      just insulate the photovoltaic cells behind a double window. run cool air through the cell or with a vapour chamber

    • @asificam1
      @asificam1 หลายเดือนก่อน +22

      IF they said 15% or 20% I would be drooling. Modern Thermoelectric generator (TEG) modules are at most 5%, some TEG modules claim up to 15%, but when people claim above 50%, I get red flags. Besides, this thing is competing against Thermoelectric generators and maybe fuel cells depending on fuel quality, so it seems like someone is trying to get people to invest into a hole... not my thing.

    • @m4rvinmartian
      @m4rvinmartian หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      *I mean... a woman invented this dude. You just spent more time pointing out why it won't work, than she did, to make it "work".*
      This is so stupid, she had to be a drop out to not know the laws of physics says this is seriously impossible.

  • @slo3337
    @slo3337 หลายเดือนก่อน +148

    Where does the heat go? If it is so efficient then the thing would not get hot. But there is a huge flame coming out of one end! I say BS. Total complete BS.

    • @jasonsilva9091
      @jasonsilva9091 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

      It's solid state I your using heat your byproduct is cooling
      So there's still 30% of heat
      As gasoline burns at 1500° and peeks at 3900° so that's a lot of exercises heat now we need exhaust and cooling
      Also if this is as efficient as they say most likely it will be bought out and crushed

    • @sigmacentauri6191
      @sigmacentauri6191 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

      When a geet reactor is running efficiently its exhaust comes out close to ambient air temperature... soaking up heat to run a process can be done.

    • @sznikers
      @sznikers หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      Its 60% efficient so 40% ends up as waste heat in the form of hot exhaust gases just like in any other combustion engine. I'm not sure what is there that you don't understand...

    • @slo3337
      @slo3337 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@sznikers that's not what the picture is showing

    • @sznikers
      @sznikers หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@slo3337 video says they get 60% efficiency, animation shows hot exhaust gases (flames) leaving tube shaped device...
      100% - 60% = 40% here are your flames

  • @AmaroqStarwind
    @AmaroqStarwind 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +562

    Solid state combustion engine just sounds like a fuel cell with extra steps

    • @ticthak
      @ticthak 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +22

      BUT- nearly as high efficiency with more robust components, since there aren't currently any solid-state membrane fuel cell designs of large size.

    • @anydaynow01
      @anydaynow01 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +22

      Sounds like it is better tuned, more efficient, produces more useful higher gradient waste heat, and doesn't have the headache of storing and transporting H2.

    • @anydaynow01
      @anydaynow01 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      @@ticthak Yep and the control systems should be much simpler too so maintenance would a lot less with a longer reactor/generator life. This is quite interesting actually. Use excess renewables to create stored chemical energy, the burn that energy in the reactor for emergencies/peak shaving and seasonal use. I hope they can get it to work at an industrial scale!

    • @AmaroqStarwind
      @AmaroqStarwind 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

      @@anydaynow01 Fuel cells can be made for multiple fuel types

    • @geemy9675
      @geemy9675 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +6

      but actually has zero similarity because there is no chemical reaction besides the combustion that produces heat. fuel > heat > light > electricity VS fuel > electricity. I don't know how the plan to extract so much heat from combustion gases though near needs to move from the gas to the sodium, so the exhaust gases temperature will be above sodium vapor temperature (260°C/533K) if you want to extract lets say 90% heat you need to have a heat source about ~5000 C/K.
      It sounds like using exhaust gases in a hybrid car would hardly produce any sodium vapor or only with extremely low efficiency

  • @WileHeCoyote
    @WileHeCoyote 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +120

    I've been trying to conceive of an efficient "fuel into electricity" system for years, so I am also VERY skeptical that you can convert the energy twice and get even close to 80% efficiency. But I hope I'm wrong! I'd love an electric gas motorcycle that can go 1000miles on 4 gallons of gas 😊

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +13

      yes!!! totally agree

    • @prophetzarquon1922
      @prophetzarquon1922 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      Watch out for the ultra-hot exhaust cooking everything within a yard of it...

    • @heartflame503
      @heartflame503 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@prophetzarquon1922 there is a heat exchanger at the flamey end .. so the gas coming out will be cooler than your room heater.

    • @prophetzarquon1922
      @prophetzarquon1922 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@heartflame503 Heat exchanger _to where?_ It dumps it all upward?

    • @heartflame503
      @heartflame503 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@prophetzarquon1922 it puts the heat back into the sodium to convert it into light and thus electricity.

  • @michaelgimenez4032
    @michaelgimenez4032 25 วันที่ผ่านมา +18

    This would work if thermodynamics would go for a coffee break while this is running...

  • @maxpeterson8616
    @maxpeterson8616 หลายเดือนก่อน +46

    So you get an animation and an explanation. Still seems sus to me. Thermal efficiency claims are unbelievably high. Extraordinary claims...yadayadayada.

  • @bigbasil1908
    @bigbasil1908 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +113

    A pulse jet engine is a solid state internal combustion engine.

    • @Sekir80
      @Sekir80 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      I have WW2 vibes. :D

    • @jef_3006
      @jef_3006 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

      Jets (and rockets for that matter) are not internal combustion engines. One side of the engine is open, so the combustion isn't internal

    • @pilotusa
      @pilotusa 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +20

      Pulse jets are not solid state since they have moving parts (the valve flaps which cause the "buzz" in buzz bombs). A ram jet is solid state.

    • @sockmonkey6666
      @sockmonkey6666 หลายเดือนก่อน +11

      @@pilotusa Depends on the type of pulse jet. The Lockwood types have no moving parts.

    • @WarrenLacefield
      @WarrenLacefield หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@jef_3006 Yes, but this distinction seems almost academic nowadays. A fireplace is where combustion occurs; your chimney flue is where the exhaust goes. Is your furnace a jet or an "internal" combustion engine? Or are neither "engines"? (Producing heat is a form of "work" or is only force/motion "work?") In a rocket, combustion occurs in the nozzle to accelerate the exhaust for thrust as it leaves the nozzle. In an ICE car, the values are simply little doors that open and close for inlet air followed by exhaust. Actually more of a "digital" or step-by-step combustion/exhaust cycle rather than a more analog/continuous flow-controlled system.

  • @antoinepageau8336
    @antoinepageau8336 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +388

    The only legit science in this episode is the shaver.

    • @BillHustonPodcast
      @BillHustonPodcast 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

      Haha! Only the advert here is truthful! 😂😂😂 💯%

    • @greghelton4668
      @greghelton4668 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

      Actually the idea itself is solid, pun unintended. The fuel source would have to be really clean to avoid soot buildup. There might be applications where such a pin energy source to convert fuel to electricity is useful. Ships, big rigs, planes, etc.

    • @MrLardobutt
      @MrLardobutt 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      those are legit, i want to get one of those, but damn they're expensive, but built to last

    • @loneIyboy15
      @loneIyboy15 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +11

      @@greghelton4668 If the idea works, then burning stuff to make electricity would still be the least efficient way of using it. Because at that point, really anything that heats up the salt is enough. And at that point, you may as well use a solar concentrator or something.

    • @Sekir80
      @Sekir80 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      @@loneIyboy15 And said solar concentrator would be running on "free" energy, which is way better than using a fuel. But that's stationary power generation. This one is intended to move things, I guess.

  • @gastonpossel
    @gastonpossel หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    The exhaust gases carries out energy from the system in 3 forms. 1) Sensible heat, expressed in the temperature of the gases, which the thing will try to recover as much as possible (but no chance to recover fully), 2) Latent heat: any fuel with hydrogen content mixed with air and burned will produce water molecules, and there is significant energy absorbed just in the process of water vaporization (not stored in temperature but in the gaseous state), and this latent heat will be lost unless we have a condenser, 3) Kinetic energy of the outgoing exhaust gases, which could be partially recovered with yet another device, a turbine. I see too many conversions needed to even considering a 60%+ efficiency.

  • @SilverTreasures
    @SilverTreasures 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +296

    I feel like we’re going in circles. Burning something to make energy from a solar panel to charge something … uhhh

    • @YoutubeWatcher264
      @YoutubeWatcher264 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +52

      And claiming it is at most 80%. LOL

    • @snake10566
      @snake10566 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +30

      @@TH-camWatcher264 That's my issue. There are many steps here, each with losses.

    • @dianapennepacker6854
      @dianapennepacker6854 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      For 10 kw per gram? (It looked like they listed under 4 liters in a graph. So volumetric is great unlike Hydrogen)
      That is on par with the best therotical batteries max potential! Lithium Air is said to be able to hold 12,300 watts per KG.
      So yeah. That is outstanding!
      I've already said TPV cells are the future. Or a part of it. For some applications.
      MIT just made some that capture heat at 2,000 celius, get better with more heat, and have more than 45% effiency. Basically the same as our best turbines!
      I say the future as in... The future is TPV cells plus nuclear or in ten years fusion!
      Sadly... I am super skeptical. Feel like the DoD would be on top of this.
      Just use sapphire... Oh yeah that is a great choice. So plentiful.
      Pretty cool if true, and I bet a ton of applications could benefit from this.
      TPV cells need more research. We waste so much heat, and potential energy. Having a part that captures that into electricity with no moving parts is a game changer for at least industrial purposes.

    • @2ndfloorsongs
      @2ndfloorsongs 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +10

      You left out the part where it burns green methane from whales.

    • @FLPhotoCatcher
      @FLPhotoCatcher 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

      @@dianapennepacker6854 Actually, an ideal use case would be to power a house using wood as fuel, and use the waste heat to heat the house in cold weather, and heat water in all weather.

  • @antoinepageau8336
    @antoinepageau8336 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +137

    Propane camping light check, solar panel check, save the planet, done 😂

    • @luisrubalcava6331
      @luisrubalcava6331 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      China just recently released solid state battery EVs for sale so the US government decided to quadruple tariffs on EVs

    • @Rhiawhyn
      @Rhiawhyn หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@luisrubalcava6331 Citation needed.

    • @testboga5991
      @testboga5991 หลายเดือนก่อน

      You forgot the table salt

    • @antoinepageau8336
      @antoinepageau8336 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@testboga5991Shoot, I knew i was forgetting something.

    • @marilynlucas5128
      @marilynlucas5128 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      I guess. A propane tank to light up cerium oxide mantle and then use the light to generate electricity using a solar panel?

  • @ShaunVillafana
    @ShaunVillafana หลายเดือนก่อน

    I like how for this episode you went more to the drawingboard giving your own ideas to the mix

  • @energyeve2152
    @energyeve2152 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    I love learning about different technologies! Thanks for sharing this and making it easy to digest. Keep shining ☀️

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  หลายเดือนก่อน

      Thank you! Will do!

  • @junkerzn7312
    @junkerzn7312 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +196

    So many issues with this thing I don't even know where to start. The pollution alone would be extremely difficult to control. It reminds me of cheap Chinese diesel heaters, actually.
    * Pollution. There is no way to fully burn the fuel across a swath of power levels. They might be able to fully burn the fuel at a particular power level.
    * Backpressure from dealing with exhaust products to remove unwanted byproducts.
    * Efficiency of 60% with a hot exhaust? Not even possible. And 80% combined-cycle? I don't think that's possible either.
    * The high temperature of the system will greatly shorten the equipment lifespan, let alone the solar cells.
    * Build-up of byproducts on heat exchanger surfaces.
    * Multiple conversion steps... another nail in the "efficiency" coffin.
    The biggest red flag is having multiple conversion steps (fuel to heat, heat to light, light to cell, cell to electricity) and still claiming extreme efficiencies. That gets into "sell me the Brooklyn bridge" territory.
    I don't think this thing is real.
    -Matt

    • @loneIyboy15
      @loneIyboy15 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +16

      You forgot the biggest one: Even if the system works, burning gasoline is the worst way to heat table salt. Solar Concentrators, geothermal, nuclear, and even standard power plants would be better served integrating this than cars.

    • @mnntropy5615
      @mnntropy5615 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      Similar to my first thought: How hot do those EV cells get exactly? And how efficient are they at that temperature and how long do they last at that temperature.
      Too many steps and energy conversions. Buildup of byproducts reduces efficiency fast.
      I know, for the fuel that is not burned in the first combustion, we could just add an afterburner for additional thrust out of the exhaust. Hey, it works for military jets, so why not here.

    • @slom2529
      @slom2529 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Jet car lmao

    • @MrMonkeybat
      @MrMonkeybat 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

      A modern burner for an external combustion engine consumes fuel much more completely and cleanly than the explosions in an internal combustion piston engine. A generator for a plug in battery hybrid vehicle does not need a variable power output.

    • @mitchellcouchman1444
      @mitchellcouchman1444 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      As soon as I heard the efficiency figure I was like this is BS. Any basic understanding of how complex a jet engine is and you just laugh. You can't just have, "combustion", you need a compressor or to used a compressed oxidant (a rocket). The compressor alone robs more energy than he says will be lost in the full cycle. Lastly how on earth will you cool it enough for most of the energy to not be lost as heat?

  • @hollismccray3297
    @hollismccray3297 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +67

    Could this work? My sliver of engineering knowledge says 'Maybe.' But I'm really doubting their claimed efficiency numbers. Build one, Let someone else test it, and I'll believe it.

    • @WolfeSaber9933
      @WolfeSaber9933 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      That's what time is.

    • @RockSolitude
      @RockSolitude หลายเดือนก่อน

      Local man discovers engineering for the first time.
      No, shit sherlock. This is just a concept right now.

    • @m4rvinmartian
      @m4rvinmartian หลายเดือนก่อน

      No dude. A woman invented it, lol. This is so stupid.

    • @sheilaolfieway1885
      @sheilaolfieway1885 หลายเดือนก่อน

      the whole hishschool dropout thing sounds like one of those 'fake miracle' stories they use for scams.

    • @TheAnachronist
      @TheAnachronist หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      This video overstates what Lightcell themselves claim as far as efficiency, which is frustrating. The founder of the company, @danielle_fong, tried commenting to set the record straight, but for some reason the TH-cam algorithm has hid here reply.

  • @TheSpadre
    @TheSpadre หลายเดือนก่อน

    The best video of yours I've watched. This should give us all hope for new technologies becoming a part of the future.

  • @thudang3039
    @thudang3039 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    Interesting; thanks for bringing this to our attention.

  • @jackfrost2978
    @jackfrost2978 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +25

    That finish was great. Trying to efficiently use the remaining energy. Creating symbiotic engines.

    • @nacoran
      @nacoran 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      I woke up in the middle of the night once with an idea for using waste heat. I googled, and unfortunately, someone had beat me to it (at least in a lab setting, I found a paper on it). Basically you use piezoelectric fins as a radiator, turning the movement of heat from the heat source to the ambient air to generate electricity. Basically it's the same technology that we use to turn thermostats on and off scaled up. Probably would add a lot of weight, so might not be worth it for cars and such, but another way to deal with converting waste heat to electricity.

    • @jackfrost2978
      @jackfrost2978 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      @@nacoran We often make things overly complex. This video is a good example of trying to keep it simple. i agree that it is very easy to overcomplicate something to the point of any potential benefits being nullified. It seems to me that we are not used to thinking of building simple, efficient, synergetic systems. In reality. Most of our systems are synergetic. In many cases we only go as far as we need to go to get a system to work. Then we get used to working within that system instead of looking at ways to make large scale changes. This seems to be partly the problem of industry.

    • @EconAtheist
      @EconAtheist หลายเดือนก่อน

      Formula 1 cars have energy recovery systems (ERS) and been doing this sort of thing for at least a handful of years now.
      Imperfectly of course but they're still pretty amazing relative to 'no ERS'.

  • @AaronSchwarz42
    @AaronSchwarz42 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +28

    catalytic converters already get 1000 centigrade hot, so a large one built with quarts encapsulated sodium low pressure lamps & tuned band-cap matched photovoltaics could convert exhaust heat energy into HEV traction battery charging while the engine is on, radically improving overall system efficiency or radically lowering fuel consumption

    • @sammy5576
      @sammy5576 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      really good idea. the trouble is... all the light from the inside is lost, and you can only collect light from the edge, you need to heat the sodium without losing it,

    • @cyberGEK
      @cyberGEK 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +10

      ENGLISH PRO TIP:
      Quartz is a crystalline mineral.💎
      Quarts are how you buy Milk, 🐮
      or in Australia, beer 🍺 😃

    • @sammy5576
      @sammy5576 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@cyberGEK what dose English have to do with quatz?

    • @zaakoc
      @zaakoc 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      That's still to cool to cause sodium to incandescence
      .

    • @theairstig9164
      @theairstig9164 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Cooling an exhaust stream below 100C means liquid water will come out the end not water vapour. I’m not going to explain how much of a problem that is

  • @TreyRuiz
    @TreyRuiz หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    Also, don't forget only light that falls directly on the band gap if the PV cell can be captured. And any heat whose black body spectrum falls below the 590 nanometers could not be used either, thermodynamic and all...

  • @gregparrott
    @gregparrott หลายเดือนก่อน

    I like this format - Both describe new concepts created by others, AND extrapolate on the concept and provide a technical rationale for why the extrapolation may be plausible.

  • @Berkana
    @Berkana 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +39

    I knew Danielle when she was doing her prior clean tech start-up, LightSail (grid scale energy storage). Unfortunately LightSail didn't beat out the battery tech that hit the market, and they folded.
    I think her use of "LightCell" as a trade name is a riff off of her old company's name.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      wow that's amazing, what are the odds!

    • @KhattaRapidus
      @KhattaRapidus 4 วันที่ผ่านมา +1

      @@TwoBitDaVinci ikr... not scammy at all

  • @mikeyned690
    @mikeyned690 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +36

    I was not too impressed with the "Light Cell" until the end of the video when you brilliantly combined it with a normal piston based internal combustion engine. The problem might be in getting a high enough temperature from the exhaust to, more or less, fluoresce the sodium. Anyone interested in working on the idea might want to try an old school automotive mechanics tool called a "vortex tube" to provide an incredibly high temperature air flow to heat the sodium.

    • @CUBETechie
      @CUBETechie 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Can't the vortextube be used directly After the Gas turbine exhaust?

    • @mikeyned690
      @mikeyned690 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      @@CUBETechie Anyplace you want to separate hot and cool air that is pressurized a vortex tube is the simple way to go but the tube in this application may need to be made with ceramics because of much higher temps than standard mechanics compressed shop air.
      mIKEY

    • @CHIEF_420
      @CHIEF_420 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @ExxonMobil
      ⛽️🧂

    • @MrMonkeybat
      @MrMonkeybat 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      Electric hybrid cars need small efficient generators as range extenders so they can have small batteries for day to day driving without range anxiety. Attaching it to a big clunky piston engine would defeat the point. Your typical car engine sends about a third of its energy out the radiator a third out the exhaust pipe and a third to the wheels. If the predictions are right tis will be more effiecient by itself.

    • @slom2529
      @slom2529 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Or you know we could scrap the car idea and go for trains, which if we’re talking electric trains, can be at least 100 times efficient as car travel per person.

  • @michiganengineer8621
    @michiganengineer8621 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Use that exhaust baffle as a "reverse Peltier" thermal electric generator and have TEG's on the backside of the PV cells to help keep those cool while also generating more electricity.

  • @tsbrownie
    @tsbrownie 12 วันที่ผ่านมา +1

    ANY contamination in the combustion chamber would lead to different wavelengths being created and loss of efficiency. ANY inefficiencies in combustion (change of incoming temperature, change in air pressure / altitude, humidity, ....) would result in deposits on the glass cutting efficiency. Etc. There have been many proposed propulsion mechanisms that rely on super pure fuels (ex: fuel cells) that fail because of costs, contamination, inability to maintain the purity over time/transport, etc. It MIGHT work, but only after massive engineering inputs ($$$s) and only in very specific applications.

  • @anydaynow01
    @anydaynow01 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +23

    Combining this with a modern Sterling engine of some kind (like Karno), to make electric power directly from the waste heat would really squeeze the extra efficiency out of it.

    • @leerman22
      @leerman22 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      It looks like a recouperator to preheat the intake air would be better, if this works that is. Thought you can only get the sodium yellow through electric discharge not just by heating it up.

    • @RaptorNX01
      @RaptorNX01 หลายเดือนก่อน

      the problem i've seen across videos dealing with both sterling engines, and also peltier related devices is that there seem to be a loss of efficiency over time. its hard to prevent the temperature from equalizing. and since both really require a large temperature difference on both sides of the device it ends up getting less and less efficient the longer it runs.

  • @wanderingbufoon
    @wanderingbufoon 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +9

    fun tangent fact: "this orange light is the superior green + blue screen CGI replacement that Disney used back in the old times where CGIs weren't a thing.

    • @VPWedding
      @VPWedding 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

      That’s right. That specific frequency of yellow is so narrow that you can filter it out without changing any of the other colors in the shot. So one strip of film would see the yellow as white, while another would see it as black. And that is how the great mattes for Marry Poppins worked.

    • @RaptorNX01
      @RaptorNX01 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      i think thats why i got recommended this video. i had just watched steven mould's black flame video, and had previously watched corridor crew's video on it.

  • @beans9647
    @beans9647 หลายเดือนก่อน

    I do love the thought of merging it into a traditional combustion engine. Even if the efficiency gains are too small to contribute to forward motion, it may at least be able to replace or at least supplement the alternator, freeing up some load on the engine and being able to reap the benefits of that extra efficiency with minimal effort, possibly easily enough to be swapped into existing ICE powered cars. It would also mean, depending on how much heat is absorbed, that your cooling system doesn't have to work quite as hard when the battery is being charged from this system.

  • @m4r00123
    @m4r00123 29 วันที่ผ่านมา +1

    I could see it being used as a generator in a hybrid configuration using waste heat from standard internal combustion engine but having it as a standalone power unit doesn't seem viable.

  • @Psrj-ad
    @Psrj-ad 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +15

    they would need to keep the solar cells cool too.
    The temprature of a solar cell greatly effects its efficiancy and at that power density they would definitely need an active cooling solution.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      great point

    • @benbriedis
      @benbriedis 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      Maybe flow the input fuel and/or air along the back of the cells?

    • @javakhtar5339
      @javakhtar5339 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@TwoBitDaVinci a Solution to cooling would be to use a clear liquid with the same refractive index of the glass and use a regular radiator and fan setup. Maybe putting it between the PV cell and the lamp with a small vacuum between the lamp and the liquid (in another tube) so as not to cool the lamp

    • @adr2t
      @adr2t หลายเดือนก่อน

      Well in theory, because it would be able to use most of the light coming and there is less over all IR light - they would stay cooler than your sun driven panels would.

  • @grkuntzmd
    @grkuntzmd หลายเดือนก่อน +7

    You can install this engine in a rear-engine design and completely eliminate the problem of other people tailgating you.

  • @jfrjr7964
    @jfrjr7964 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    Quartz is also a great way to filtrate bandwidth of light. Not to say it also has a higher melting point than regular glass. Glass is amorphous which makes it ineficiente to some light wavelengths.

  • @ivandhotmanvilliers3361
    @ivandhotmanvilliers3361 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Even with lower efficiency this is still a practical technology, the no moving parts and light weight is a big plus. Thanks for the Mesodyne link

  • @zolitakacs6306
    @zolitakacs6306 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +11

    Heat is accelerating the aging proccess of pv-panels. Ageing is lowering the efficiency through lifetime exponentialy and the heat lowers the lifetime.

    • @nacoran
      @nacoran 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      I'd think the more efficient you got the conversion the less that would be an issue... you are converting the heat to light, then converting the light to electricity. The more efficiently you do that the less waste heat you have, and on a moving vehicle you could add some air cooling. I think you're right though. Managing that heat is going to be critical.
      I really didn't get an idea of the scale on this... I know that, with the exception of some low speed concept vehicles you can't power a car with solar panels for continuous travel (day/night issues aside). This is 4x as efficient as regular solar cells... but you'd still need pretty significant surface area for the cells, although obviously you can fold them in ways you can't fold a panel you want to catch the sun.

    • @mitchellcouchman1444
      @mitchellcouchman1444 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@nacoran Sodium will not convert all its energy to light, that's a pipe dream, it will get hot

  • @TheAnachronist
    @TheAnachronist หลายเดือนก่อน +30

    This is real. The principle is well established. But you’re overstating what they claim for efficiency. They don’t claim to be that efficient. @danielle_fong, the founder, made a comment here, but it’s not showing up for some reason.

    • @jjptech
      @jjptech หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      If the comment was made and deleted… I will immediately unsubscribe and flag this channel. I hope we can find out

    • @TheAnachronist
      @TheAnachronist หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      @@jjptech I suspect it was an algorithm mistake, not intentional

  • @katanaridingremy
    @katanaridingremy 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +9

    Thank you for providing enough details to know that this is likely a pipe dream. Seems like too much energy would be lost between them different energy exchanges. I’ll wait for the more dense batteries

  • @braveecologic2030
    @braveecologic2030 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Brilliant video, excellent technology... I would have gone with day after day but the day and not night thing was definitely funnier 😁

  • @Nobody_114
    @Nobody_114 หลายเดือนก่อน

    That is amazing! What about using the exhaust as a means of direct propulsion/car-levitation as well? That would reduce the frictional forces between the tires and road, and further increase the engine's efficiency.

  • @paulstewart7754
    @paulstewart7754 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    I like how your mind works on problem solving…. I spent a weekend with a heating engineer who would be great to capture the waste heat from the car engine using phase change materials… so that when you came home, you could dump this heat into your home water storage system. Not as fancy technically as PV but workable…. Until you look at weight being carried around. Still… always great to pull problems apart and see where you end up.

  • @chriseaton1525
    @chriseaton1525 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +12

    If this is actually as advertised, a 1 gal size lawn mower should be available for christmas.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

      lol yeah... somehow I doubt it but its just great to see that research and engineering is being done on all sorts of possibilities

    • @CorkyMcButterpants
      @CorkyMcButterpants หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@TwoBitDaVinci_"research and engineering"_
      hahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha

  • @anthonydavinci7985
    @anthonydavinci7985 29 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Again another Great show/presentation /Analysis . Rick ,Thanks so very Much.

  • @halbrookins3232
    @halbrookins3232 หลายเดือนก่อน

    This is totally amazing. Thank you, this gives me hope.

  • @byronwatkins2565
    @byronwatkins2565 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

    pn junctions are inherently thin so that most of the light passes through without exciting electron-hole pairs. The bottom material is mostly reflective so that the light passes back through and generates more electricity. The reflection coefficient is 90% or so. If the reflected light excites more sodium, then a little less than half is emitted toward the photocell again. The rest is absorbed by the heat exchanger surface and converted back to heat. This (sufficiently) hot surface does excite sodium, but it also emits significant blackbody radiation to be radiated away and to heat up the photocells and reduce their efficiency.

    • @mitchellcouchman1444
      @mitchellcouchman1444 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Plus all the exhaust heat loss and compressor losses (is not mentioned but is required as this is functionally a jet engine)

    • @simontillson482
      @simontillson482 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Very true. You could channel the incoming air stream through heat exchanger fins on the back of the PV cells to keep them cooler though, and it would also act as a preheater for the air. Also, these newer PV absorber semiconductors have amazing absorption coefficients - unlike silicon which needs 150 micrometers to absorb most of the light, germanium carbide only needs to be 15 micrometers thick. They will get really hot though, even with cooling, so like others, I really doubt these efficiency figures.

  • @rebokfleetfoot
    @rebokfleetfoot 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +48

    perhaps i'm missing something, but i don't see a recent innovation here, they are lighting a candle next to a solar panel?

    • @nuclearmedicineman6270
      @nuclearmedicineman6270 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +9

      Yea, but.. it's a really bright candle. Surely nobody's ever thought of that.

    • @Petriiik
      @Petriiik 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

      it is the small bandgap PVs, which with use of monochromatic lightsource achieve high efficiency.

    • @WolfeSaber9933
      @WolfeSaber9933 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      With the panel designed to work with the light coming from the burning fuel.

    • @rebokfleetfoot
      @rebokfleetfoot 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@WolfeSaber9933 ya, perhaps the way they are optimizing the waveform is an advancement

    • @nacoran
      @nacoran 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      Yes, but they are tuning both the light and the solar panel to work better with each other.

  • @willabyuberton818
    @willabyuberton818 หลายเดือนก่อน +11

    It takes a long, long time to make a reputation, and apparently 15:13 to break it.

  • @patrickdegenaar9495
    @patrickdegenaar9495 หลายเดือนก่อน

    I'm very sceptical that they will achieve that efficiency in practice. But it certainly sounds like a clever approach.

  • @christmassnow3465
    @christmassnow3465 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +6

    Now I understood the context of bandgap and photoelectric energy. What if we made photovoltaic cells (for roofs, not light cells) with multiple layers of photoelectric materials, each having its own bandgap? The layers would be thin so unused light can be captured by the layer below with the corresponding bandgap. The layers would be laid on a mirrored surface, so light reaching the mirror is reflected again towards the different layers and hence increase efficiency.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +6

      yeah, that would be a multi junction cell! Currently the challenge is to allow unabsorbed light to pass through higher layers to lower ones... but yes multi junction cells will eventualy be a thing, and can increase efficiency of solar to north of 40% 2x what we have now!

    • @larsjrgensen5975
      @larsjrgensen5975 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      For size constraints this could be a good idea, but every layer is adding cost, for example 5 layers stacked with 5 different bandgaps, could cost the same as 5 normal panels we use today.
      The multi layer solar cell record is 47-48% efficiency, so only around twice as good as a normal solar cell, but maybe 5 times as expensive to produce depending on how many layers used.
      The normal cells we use today would still be much more efficient $/watt power then multi layer solar panels.

    • @zaakoc
      @zaakoc 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@TwoBitDaVinci Watched this Idea being implemented over the years.
      Multi layer cells are the future of solar cells.
      Love your channel!

    • @zaakoc
      @zaakoc 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@larsjrgensen5975 As it's adopted the cost of multi layer cells will drop.

    • @larsjrgensen5975
      @larsjrgensen5975 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@zaakoc Multi layered cells are multiple cells stacked on top of each other. Any fabrication breakthrough of the cells would apply to normal 1 layer cells too.
      The price difference between 1 layer and multi layer should stay roughly the same no matter how many breakthroughs.

  • @tkfg331
    @tkfg331 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    I'm not smart enough to even begin to understand the little details, but the optimist inside me is always looking for "the next evolution".... Great video.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      I have that same thing... when i hear something i'd love to try to build myself, i know it'll be fun to deep dive into :) cheers!!!

  • @mrbnice7590
    @mrbnice7590 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Love the video man, you have a great way of making things easer to describe... well done

  • @arturduchene
    @arturduchene 29 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Very intriguing and thought provoking. Thanks for sharing and explaining this. I’m always blown away by what I learn from you.

  • @Petriiik
    @Petriiik 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

    but about which temperatures are we talking about? what is the efficiency of the thermo-photo conversion at different tenperatures?

    • @orionbetelgeuse1937
      @orionbetelgeuse1937 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      most of the energy will be radiated as infrared.

    • @Petriiik
      @Petriiik 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      I read through an wiki article about TPV. Now I think this is just a scam for investors.

    • @teardowndan5364
      @teardowndan5364 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      @@orionbetelgeuse1937Radiated where? A real implementation of this thing would have the sodium inside an insulated mirror and we do know how to make mirrors for specific wavelengths, practically no IR would get out. Exhaust gasses would also go through a heat exchanger with incoming combustion air to achieve 95+% heating efficiency like a condensing furnace. Intake air can also be routed around the device to pick up any heat that got through insulation.
      Efficiently heating sodium to incandescence and keeping it there is effectively a 20+ years old solved problem. Seems to me like it is all about how cost-effective, efficient and durable the sodium-PV part of the process actually is.

    • @orionbetelgeuse1937
      @orionbetelgeuse1937 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      @@teardowndan5364 a heated thing radiates energy at various wavelenghts from infrared to visible light. For instance a lightbulb has the filament made from tungsten but the radiation produced is not monochromatic just on the spectral lines of the tungsten. the same will happen with the glass tube and the sodium. It will produce some yellow light but also a lot of infrared. All the energy radiated at wavelenghts bigger than the yellow light for which the panel is tuned is lost because it cannot be captured and the light with shorter wavelengths will be captured but with losses heating the panel.

  • @djp1234
    @djp1234 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +9

    It's another pipe dream that we'll never hear about again.

  • @andrewm6340
    @andrewm6340 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Very understandable technical explanation (I'm a chemist): concise, and hitting a number of related topics to enable me as a viewer/listener to form an opinion! Thank you!

  • @solaceofflame
    @solaceofflame หลายเดือนก่อน

    that idea you pitched at the end was awesome. I think you should hire a team to make it happen.

  • @casnimot
    @casnimot 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    Practically speaking, fuel type will be of critical importance. Pre-circulation of fuel (as in rockets), can get you pretty low heat loss at the cost of only being able to print it, if that. And without pre-circulation - as maybe with solid fuels - you will lose efficiency.
    Also, how the fuel burns will make a difference. Any build-ups on those complex interior heat-exchange surfaces will degrade efficiency, and possibly force unforeseen wear on the exhaust system.
    Also, super-efficiently tuned-bandgap gallium or germanium or silicon or whatever seems a bit of a hand-wave. Let's actually see it.
    Lots of devilish details lurking.

  • @jackoneil3933
    @jackoneil3933 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

    Thanks for covering this Ricky. As micro-turbine gas-electric generators already are capable of about 70% efficiency, are very compact and simple, why not use them instead combustion photovoltaics?
    In regards to your concept of photovoltaic ICE exhaust power recovery, I'm thinking that if you were able to recover 50% of the waste energy from an ICE exhaust using photovoltaic generator, you would be recovering about 15% of the total engine thermal losses. Having worked with large Exhaust heat exchangers (stack robbers) to capture waste exhaust heat, but due exhaust restriction and back-pressure reducing engine power, we typically only recovered about 30% of exhaust heat. If similar was the case with photovoltaic recovery, you would only be recovering about 15% of the waste energy in the exhaust stream, and something like a exhaust power recovery microturbine, adapted from a turbo-charger to drive an electric generator might be as efficient and less expensive.
    BTW: Back in the 80's when I was working for in the Oil and Gas Industry and dealing with HPS and Mulit-Vapor lighting systems, the thought of using high temperature combustion gas to produce combustion based lighting using a multi-vapor tubes for remote off-grid locations occurred to me. I mentioned it to some engineering colleagues, and we estimated the efficiency could be considerably higher than electrically excited tubes but the maintenance, cost and complexities of producing such a system would likely be practical and affordable, plus having combustion sources in flammable environments is not suitable.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      great insights Jack, that's interesting especially with your background... cheers!

  • @tonydamiani8029
    @tonydamiani8029 หลายเดือนก่อน

    You have awesome content. Thanks for producing it.

  • @jimjohnson3609
    @jimjohnson3609 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Love your explanations, really helps me understand. Thanks fun video.

  • @snapo1750
    @snapo1750 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

    I realy enjoyed the new style... finaly you start to dig into those projects and not only read the advertisements they make... this explanation was perfect...

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      so glad to hear it!!!! trust me its a process, one i work on constantly, and your feedback means a lot. thank you!

  • @kirkwagner461
    @kirkwagner461 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

    The problem, assuming the claims are valid, is that automotive engines have highly variable power needs. This system seems likely to be tuned to a very specific power output level to achieve its very high efficiency. That is the opposite of what a car needs. At best, in a car, is you use this as a means of recharging a depleted battery array. At that point, this power system is in competition with fixed point public utilities. So instead of comparing its efficiency to a cars IC engine, you should be comparing it to the efficiency of grid scale coal, natural gas or nuclear power plants.

    • @nathanbanks2354
      @nathanbanks2354 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      A range extender for an electric car, plane or boat is still quite useful.

    • @MrMonkeybat
      @MrMonkeybat 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      Most EVs only use a fraction of their range each day there batteries are oversized for range anxiety and those odd trips. A small compact efficient lightweight generator like this would be great range extender for those odd trips so the battery can be much smaller lightweight increasing maneuverability, efficiency and reducing the cost of the electric vehicle without lugging round a heavy complex piston generator like current hybrids do. As the generator in such a plug in hybrid is just used to recharge the battery it does not need to be capable of variable loads at all.

    • @mitchellcouchman1444
      @mitchellcouchman1444 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      Problem is you're assuming the claims are valid, they aren't

  • @locker1325
    @locker1325 23 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Alright, this is the one. Finally, the perfect power source. I'm exercising my check writing hand

  • @Rem_NL
    @Rem_NL หลายเดือนก่อน

    I think the key to making this work is transparent solar cells. Seems that with germanium you can stack multiple layers on top of each other, that could greatly increase the efficiency in a cilinder, and maybe cap it off with a mirror too.

  • @BeamRider100
    @BeamRider100 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

    I don't think exhaust gas from a regular engine would be hot enough to melt salt and make it glow bright. You definitely raised many interesting points that got us all thinking about it.

  • @moswitch1
    @moswitch1 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

    The passion and effort you put into your videos is very admirable!

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      I appreciate that!

  • @kerryboone6344
    @kerryboone6344 29 วันที่ผ่านมา

    that ending idea was amazing

  • @zachward8228
    @zachward8228 หลายเดือนก่อน

    I'm actually going to start thinking of a way to incorporate a sodium fuel cell type tube like y'all made into my cars existing intercooler and cooling system. Then you could get rid of your alternator and possibly radiator or intercooler if it's efficient enough. That's an awesome idea and great food for thought!

  • @MauroTamm
    @MauroTamm 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +12

    Could also be geothermal - all you need is a high temperature for sodium.
    Bury the sodium PV cells in the mantle, instead of steam generators.
    But current ones slso need cooling and thermal management. No pv cell can just perfectly function at high temp long term.

    • @zaakoc
      @zaakoc 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Love the idea.
      The mantal doesn't get nearly hot enough.
      Maybe another compound that will glow at a lower temp.

    • @RaptorNX01
      @RaptorNX01 หลายเดือนก่อน

      the point of using sodium is it emits light at only one wavelength. so having a special solar cell that is fine tuned to that specific wavelength increases efficiency. using another compound ruins that.

  • @CJ-uq2fr
    @CJ-uq2fr หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    isn't the electric motor the engine of an electric vehicle? this is practically just a battery or generator lmao

  • @OlegGolubev_yolo
    @OlegGolubev_yolo 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +23

    whole chain sounds extremeley stupid to be efficienty more than 0.3%

  • @anthonycarbone3826
    @anthonycarbone3826 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

    Fascinating approach and with the right material and engineering it looks doable. The problems are always in the details and the engineering tolerances and efficiencies.

    • @TwoBitDaVinci
      @TwoBitDaVinci  2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      perfectly said and I couldn't agree more!

  • @KrishnaKumar-ro3pz
    @KrishnaKumar-ro3pz หลายเดือนก่อน

    The last bit was brilliant actually.

  • @Ofhorse-yj1fc
    @Ofhorse-yj1fc หลายเดือนก่อน

    Yup dude your explanation was great, thumbs up!

  • @MojoRevelation
    @MojoRevelation 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

    There's no way in hell they will work with any efficiency. Lighting a candle and then trying to gather a miniscule amount of light energy with a solar panel is the stupidest way to do it.

    • @BillMitchell-lm8dg
      @BillMitchell-lm8dg 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      The effieciency lies in matching the band gap of the photovoltaic cell
      to the narrow yellow emission band (spectral line) of the hot sodium.
      That is where Danielle Fong, et al., thought outside the box.

    • @Georgewilliamherbert
      @Georgewilliamherbert 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Forget the candles. How much power is going through a car engine, jet aircraft engine, or large rocket engine like SpaceX Raptor? Raptor is around 8 gigawatts. If the energy conversion efficiency is the same 80% quoted earlier then that’s 6.4 gigawatts of electricity. California is using 19 gigawatts right as I type this, so about 3 Raptors worth of propellant burn is needed (about 310 pounds methane per second per Raptor, so around 900-1,000 pounds per second for all of California).

  • @sebbes333
    @sebbes333 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

    1:40 This falls apart with the knowledge that photovoltaic cells works SIGNIFICANTLY better when cold, not hot (thermo).

  • @supermario469
    @supermario469 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Wow your idea at the end is good. I'm all for anything that lets me keep my ICE.

  • @EXPLORADVEN
    @EXPLORADVEN หลายเดือนก่อน

    Great Video 👏👏👏
    I liked the true self generating hybrid idea mentioned towards the end.

  • @FrancescMuro
    @FrancescMuro 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +15

    Weichai in China is building Diesel truck engines with over 53% thermal efficiency (World record)

    • @JohnDir-xw3hf
      @JohnDir-xw3hf 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      I don't trust China. They lie too much.

    • @H0mework
      @H0mework 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Very interesting!

    • @jimj2683
      @jimj2683 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      I heard that too, but I will not believe it before I seen external independent tests. If it is true it will come to all boats and trucks near you soon.

    • @leerman22
      @leerman22 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      It also asexually reproduces I bet.

    • @nathanbanks2354
      @nathanbanks2354 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      This isn't far-fetched, since truck-sized Diesel engines are already 40% efficient. You could add a steam engine to convert a little waste heat back into more energy or squirt water into the cylinders. I haven't looked at what they're doing.

  • @slowbro1337
    @slowbro1337 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +12

    70-80% efficiency...
    I will only believe it when I see it.
    Efficiency that high has me doubting its efficacy hard

  • @shake6321
    @shake6321 หลายเดือนก่อน

    this concept is amazing and shows what engineering is all about. take a hard problem and convert it to an easier, more solvable problem.
    it would be really interesting if you could do this with concentrated solar. have concentrated mirrors that burn a material to create a light at a wave length that you can capture more of with a cheaper material than pvs. thus, you up the efficiency and lower the costs.

  • @tomjones2860
    @tomjones2860 หลายเดือนก่อน

    As real as that room temperature super conductor.

  • @ronwoodward716
    @ronwoodward716 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +23

    Highest photovoltaic efficiency is 45% for multijunction cells. Getting 90% is just wrong.

    • @ipp_tutor
      @ipp_tutor 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

      That’s because you have multiple layers for different wave lengths each interacting with one another, the top layers shielding the bottom layers, different conductivities, multiple junctions etc. It’s very hard to get the best efficiency at every color or light the sun emits and you always end up losing a lot of it. But here you have a single monochromatic source with a fine-tuned single high-efficiency cell. I’d say it’s perfectly possilbe

    • @RurikLoderr
      @RurikLoderr 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

      ​@@ipp_tutor Not just possible, entirely expected.

    • @geekswithfeet9137
      @geekswithfeet9137 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      Yeah quantum efficiency (not a buzz word, actual term) at peak wavelength of photo voltaic cells are already over 90%…. With the caveat of that’s photons inside the semiconductor, there’s still the hurdle of getting them in due to huge refractive index differences, but not physically impossible

    • @user-ft3ed5wv7w
      @user-ft3ed5wv7w 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      more common is 22%

    • @geemy9675
      @geemy9675 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      ​@@user-ft3ed5wv7w22% with solar because wavelength doesn't match the photo voltaic cells

  • @alexdunphy3716
    @alexdunphy3716 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Im pretty sure thermo-photo-voltaic means its a combination of thermal and photo cells stacked/layered to to capture both the photo-voltaic effect and thermo-voltaic effect so that the energy efficiency of both can be stacked

  • @ericleonhardt4102
    @ericleonhardt4102 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    The Vehicle Research Institute at Western Washington University created thermophotovoltaic power generators in the late 1990's using the technology and cells created by Dr. Lewis Fraas. The technology used gallium antimonide cells arrayed around a silicon carbide emitter. One of the national labs, Sandia (?), tested the cells at over 40% conversion efficiency vs. high grade solar cells (1990 tech) of 18% (or ~31% 2020 tech). A significant challenge is that the high temperatures, roughly 1700 k, needed to get the silicon carbide to emit photons is located within 20-50 mm of the cells which probably don't function above 400 C. Cooling the cells and recovering the lost energy is a significant challenge. The team created prototypes a bit larger than a hot pot or coffee maker that generated up to 2 kW (~2.7 hp). Eight of these units were installed in a vehicle, Viking 29. The units produced less emissions and were more efficient than a Honda genset, but not so much that it made sense to invest in a small fab plant at $100 million (1998 US dollars). Another challenge arose--physicist and engineers in this space tend to talk about efficiency a bit differently. The team found that the physicist were subtracting all of the known losses from 100% rather than the ratio of output energy to total available input energy. One has to be very careful about quoting the efficiency of these powerplants, because it is likely that the total losses haven't been properly accounted for. The early ceramics would fail after 20-30 minutes of operation. The technology does work and its amazing to directly convert chemical energy to electricity.

    • @morrismaynard6408
      @morrismaynard6408 หลายเดือนก่อน

      These issues may explain why, even if the quoted efficiencies are achievable with this concept, there is still not a product several years after the concept demonstration.

  • @gmalys1
    @gmalys1 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +15

    This is the first time I’ve heard that moving parts were the problem with combustion engines.

    • @tylerhensley2312
      @tylerhensley2312 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +6

      Technically the moving parts are the downfall to any internal combustion engine, first they are parts that have to be made and to really tight tolerance, second they wear out and fail if not maintained correctly and third each and every moving part takes energy to make it make it move so the moving parts in an engine are technically the number 1 thing hurting combustion engines, however, what's in this video is a bunch of hog wash and won't work efficiently like they say it will.

    • @rorschach775
      @rorschach775 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      Is this the first time you've heard of a combustion engine? Moving parts are always harder to maintain.

    • @orionbetelgeuse1937
      @orionbetelgeuse1937 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@rorschach775 yes but if they are very cheap it does not matter too much

    • @kistuszek
      @kistuszek 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      @@orionbetelgeuse1937 That is true, but note: If you make cheap parts you shorten the maintenance cycle and if you been to a repair shop recently, you might not like to 10* that cost even if the parts were free. So as a species we kind of grown out of cheap parts half a century ago, by virtue of maintenance costs and by pollution standards. Which means car engines are too expensive to be ideal. Which is kind of why tesla can compete on price with them even though their supply chain is still in its growing pains phase. Now this kind of thing would make for a cheap range extender, that could allow electric cars to from BEV to hybrid with virtually no complexity gain and be actually cheaper than before. (since you dont need nearly as big a battery if you have a range extender)

    • @poporbit2432
      @poporbit2432 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      If it moves, it wears out. That's why solid state has advanced so much faster in the past 70 years.

  • @Ben-gm9lo
    @Ben-gm9lo 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +17

    It is still burning stuff. There I was thinking we were in the middle of a climate crisis and burning stuff was chiefly to blame.
    The oil companies must love this sort of tech, spin it out enough and they might buy themselves another 5-10 years of profits!

    • @bryanst.martin7134
      @bryanst.martin7134 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Climate crisis is a hoax. The Sun modulates the weather. A factor left out of the IPCC models.

    • @teardowndan5364
      @teardowndan5364 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      Oil companies aren't going to like this since it would mean you need to burn ~30% less fuel to get the same job done. Also, burning stuff works almost equally well with all fuels, which means a convenient, reliable and efficient way to convert heat from any source into electricity would blow the doors wide open on alternative fuels.
      Right now, alternative fuels are limited to what is compatible with existing engines since achieving efficient combustion requires very precise fuel-specific tweaking, much of which mechanically baked into the engine.
      BTW, if this stuff actually works as advertised, it could replace turbines in all thermal power plants where the primary coolant loop can run hot enough to make sodium incandescent. Getting 30-50% more output from nuclear plants, molten salt solar furnaces and fusion reactors if those ever become real wouldn't hurt.

    • @WolfeSaber9933
      @WolfeSaber9933 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

      Burning things more efficiently is the game, like diesel being the cleanest fuel for a truck, while also giving enough power for you to pull anything.
      After all, there are projects to create biofuels to replace the stuff coming out of the ground.

    • @CHIEF_420
      @CHIEF_420 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      ​@@WolfeSaber9933⛽️🧂

    • @Okamika44
      @Okamika44 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      If we can burn bio fuel, you are releasing the same amount of carbon you take out of the air by growing the fuel. = carbon neutral. fossil fuel is the problem not combustion.

  • @zippytechnologies
    @zippytechnologies หลายเดือนก่อน

    As a long time owner of a Hyundai Sonata hybrid (before they got cheap) I've been trying a hundred ways to increase range and efficiency. Capturing the heat from engine exhaust just makes sense. Build an adapter that can transfer the heat from engine exhaust and stand up to the environment of a car engine or exhaust system and a way to store the extra energy then you got my vote. Need a car to test it on?

  • @matthewmason229
    @matthewmason229 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Hi there, thanks for this video. I like the out of left field approach of this tech. What is the heat range (in centigrade) required to create the narrow bandwidth light?

  • @johnaweiss
    @johnaweiss หลายเดือนก่อน +4

    Dude, why aren't you patenting your inventions? You invented like five things in this video.

  • @flutieflambert
    @flutieflambert 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

    I thought we had to stop burning fuel…. ??

    • @yourcrazybear
      @yourcrazybear 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      "I thought we had to stop burning fuel…. ??"
      As long as we have fuel we can burn it.

    • @wattsmith2656
      @wattsmith2656 หลายเดือนก่อน

      It’s a little more complicated than that. In the meantime burning less fuel is better than doing nothing.

  • @NikaHollywood
    @NikaHollywood หลายเดือนก่อน

    I love the idea right at the end of the video. How about using the exhaust heat to run an electric turbo charger!

  • @ewaf88
    @ewaf88 หลายเดือนก่อน

    I've got a Henson shaver, and it lives up to all the hype.

  • @datianlongan5567
    @datianlongan5567 หลายเดือนก่อน

    It makes sense (based on law of conservation of energy) eliminating mechanical pistons & electric generator with light & photoreceptors. The challenge is having an efficient light source & multijunction solar cell. The technology can be a niche for submarine and/or deeps pace exploration where sunlight is not available.

  • @tomshepherd4901
    @tomshepherd4901 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Fuel cells work through combustion as well. It's just that the combustion reaction is facilitated by an electron exchange across a dielectric membrane. Recapture of waste heat from fuel cells using Sebeck units improves efficiency. Using thermo-optical conversion through a narrow band material would allow more of the heat to be recaptured using the photoelectric effect. I have a hard time believing the 80% efficiency number, but it is a good idea.

  • @pokeynewsome2804
    @pokeynewsome2804 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Dude came at this like i do with all new tech, asking is this real or more smoke and mirrors. Great video!

  • @mrpurcountry
    @mrpurcountry หลายเดือนก่อน

    Usually things like this never see the light of day they're always bought out and archived

  • @jasonbadman8518
    @jasonbadman8518 18 วันที่ผ่านมา

    I like your self charging hybrid idea.

  • @johnkeck
    @johnkeck หลายเดือนก่อน

    Good research!