Tap to unmute

The Man Who Accidentally Killed The Most People In History

แชร์
ฝัง
  • เผยแพร่เมื่อ 13 ก.ค. 2024
  • One scientist caused two environmental disasters and the deaths of millions. A part of this video is sponsored by Wren. Offset your carbon footprint on Wren: ​www.wren.co/start/veritasium. For the first 100 people who sign up, I will personally pay for the first month of your subscription!
    Special thanks to our Patreon supporters! Join the community to help us keep our videos free, forever:
    ve42.co/PatreonDEB
    Massive thanks to Prof. Francois Tissot for suggesting we make a video on the topic of isotope geochemistry. Huge thanks to Prof. Bruce Lanphear for consulting with us on lead and cardiovascular diseases. Thanks to Rayner Moss for the help with the fire-piston.
    Patterson’s 1995 interview audio courtesy of the Archives, California Institute of Technology.
    ▀▀▀
    Other great resources you should check out:
    Bill Bryson has a chapter in his fantastic “A Short History of Nearly Everything”
    Radiolab have a wonderful podcast: www.wnycstudios.org/podcasts/...
    Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey has a wonderful episode - S1E7 which does a great job of telling the story of Clair Patterson
    A fantastic Mental floss article - www.mentalfloss.com/article/9...
    ▀▀▀
    References:
    Much of the lead-crime hypothesis data is from Rick Nevin’s work - ricknevin.com/
    WHO factsheet on lead poisoning - www.who.int/news-room/fact-sh...
    WHO press release about the end of leaded gasoline news.un.org/en/story/2021/08/...
    UNICEF report - ve42.co/UNICEF
    Needleman, H. (2004). Lead poisoning. Annu. Rev. Med., 55, 209-222. ve42.co/Needleman1
    Needleman, H. L. (1991). Human lead exposure. CRC Press. ve42.co/Needleman2
    Needleman, H. L. et al. (1979). Deficits in psychologic and classroom performance of children with elevated dentine lead levels. New England journal of medicine, 300(13), 689-695. - ve42.co/Needleman3
    Needleman, H. L. et al. (1996). Bone lead levels and delinquent behavior. Jama, 275(5), 363-369. ve42.co/Needleman4
    Kovarik, W. J. (1993). The ethyl controversy: the news media and the public health debate over leaded gasoline, 1924-1926 ve42.co/Kovarik2
    Edelmann, F. T. (2016). The life and legacy of Thomas Midgley Jr. In Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania ve42.co/Edelmann
    More, A. F. et al. (2017). Next‐generation ice core technology reveals true minimum natural levels of lead (Pb) in the atmosphere: Insights from the Black Death. GeoHealth, 1(4), 211-219. ve42.co/More1
    McFarland, M. J., et al. (2022). PNAS 119(11), e2118631119. ve42.co/McFarland
    Kovarik, W. (2005). Ethyl-leaded gasoline. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 11(4), 384-397. ve42.co/Kovarik3
    Nevin, R. (2007). Understanding international crime trends: the legacy of preschool lead exposure. Environmental research, 104(3), 315-336. - ve42.co/Nevin2007
    Ericson, J. E., et al. (1979). Skeletal concentrations of lead in ancient Peruvians. New England Journal of Medicine, 300(17), 946-951. - ve42.co/Ericson1
    Patterson, Claire. The Isotopic Composition of Trace Quantities of Lead and Calcium ve42.co/Patterson1
    Boutron, C. F., & Patterson, C. C. (1986). Lead concentration changes in Antarctic ice during the Wisconsin/Holocene transition. Nature, 323(6085), 222-225. - ve42.co/Boulton1
    Patterson, C. (1956). Age of meteorites and the earth. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 10(4), 230-237. - ve42.co/Patterson2
    Lanphear, B. P. et al (2018). Low-level lead exposure and mortality in US adults: a population-based cohort study. The Lancet Public Health, 3(4), e177-e184. - ve42.co/Lanphear1
    Schaule, B. K., & Patterson, C. C. (1981). Lead concentrations in the northeast Pacific: evidence for global anthropogenic perturbations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 54(1), 97-116. - ve42.co/Schaule1
    ▀▀▀
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Inconcision, Kelly Snook, TTST, Ross McCawley, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Dmitry Kuzmichev, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Anton Ragin, Diffbot, Micah Mangione, MJP, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Clayton Greenwell, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
    ▀▀▀
    Written by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, Chris Stewart, and Katie Barnshaw
    Edited by Trenton Oliver
    Filmed by Petr Lebedev
    Animation by Fabio Albertelli, Jakub Misiek, Ivy Tello, Mike Radjabov, and Caleb Worcester
    SFX by Shaun Clifford
    Additional video/photos supplied by Getty Images
    Music from Epidemic Sound
    Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, and Emily Zhang

ความคิดเห็น • 43K

  • @veritasium
    @veritasium  2 ปีที่แล้ว +12242

    Happy Earth Day! If you want to offset your carbon emissions I will personally cover the first month of your subscription at ve42.co/wren (for the first 100 people to sign up)

    • @MrUssy101
      @MrUssy101 2 ปีที่แล้ว +82

      Why am I being recommended these videos by YT. Some stoopid guy made an error like really old time ago and we have to learn about it??? Why !!!!!!

    • @MrUssy101
      @MrUssy101 2 ปีที่แล้ว +67

      PS: I hate earth !!!

    • @pinuelajamesmezack7054
      @pinuelajamesmezack7054 2 ปีที่แล้ว +11

      3rd comment lol

    • @fluffupp8450
      @fluffupp8450 2 ปีที่แล้ว +28

      Do the lead pencils we use have the same lead? ✏️✏️✏️

    • @sherlock118
      @sherlock118 2 ปีที่แล้ว +14

      Bro I am waiting for the new n updated video on electricity

  • @FlyntofRWBY
    @FlyntofRWBY 2 ปีที่แล้ว +90301

    Imagine being the person responsible for making an entire generation dumber on average. That’s a sad legacy to leave behind.

    • @andrewnorris5415
      @andrewnorris5415 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      Not one person is behind the legacy media?

    • @BlueCheeseCrumbles
      @BlueCheeseCrumbles 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3251

      And now the younger ones are suffering from it

    • @privileguan9127
      @privileguan9127 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3727

      There seem to be a lot of groups contesting for the title, nowadays.

    • @aihamkadiri4992
      @aihamkadiri4992 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @Actually, Movies seems like u got high levels of lead in ur bones

    • @nameless1016
      @nameless1016 2 ปีที่แล้ว +795

      have you been on truth social? Patterson's record is being challenged daily.

  • @A.Mere.Creator
    @A.Mere.Creator 2 ปีที่แล้ว +70072

    Gives an entire generation lead poisoning. Rips a hole in the ozone. Refuses to elaborate, gets strangled by his own invention.

    • @dense_and_dull
      @dense_and_dull 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6083

      Greed is the worst drug known to mankind.

    • @loger_2floofyboogaloo278
      @loger_2floofyboogaloo278 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2442

      @@dense_and_dull alcohol is a close second

    • @raymondqiu8202
      @raymondqiu8202 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2797

      @@dense_and_dull wrong, everybody has a little bit of greed, capitalism that enables this greed by putting profit above any human instead of the other way around is the real problem

    • @thecaynuck4694
      @thecaynuck4694 2 ปีที่แล้ว +904

      In a way though, he was a hero or anti hero as he was instrumental in making the world know the dangers of stuff with lead in it in more depth than they had before. Can't really blame him too much for greed with the refrigerant, as it actually seemed safer and better than the existing alternatives of the time, how was he supposed to know about its effect on the Ozone?

    • @a3d4e
      @a3d4e 2 ปีที่แล้ว +310

      Would make a great film.

  • @serenitywingss
    @serenitywingss 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +567

    I cannot believe that the SAME GUY was responsible for both leaded gasoline and CFCs. What a small world. A small, dangerously delicate world.

    • @Jormungadr
      @Jormungadr หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      Not really delicate at all. Might become worse for humans or other life but the world will always adapt and survive

    • @viysnjor4811
      @viysnjor4811 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      Not too surprising. As bad as his inventions were, he was a brilliant chemist.

  • @ziofonta
    @ziofonta 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +900

    This video should be shown in every school, It would deserve a movie adaptation. You made an excellent job here!

    • @nicoluvrs
      @nicoluvrs 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +8

      It should be a documentary

    • @brandiguzzo9419
      @brandiguzzo9419 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

      This should be shown in schools. Like a Bill Nye. I am banging my head at a wall seeing the autism rate and learning disabilities. This is a puzzle piece. The 1900s were the worst. All those inventions we knew nothing about...

    • @Dr.Kraig_Ren
      @Dr.Kraig_Ren 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +4

      Intelligent kids will already get this recommendation.
      And others in schools will forget it cuz school is boring for them and joblessness is what they want

    • @avidinvestor9409
      @avidinvestor9409 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      But put a Creationist twist for us Creationists

    • @geologist5838
      @geologist5838 หลายเดือนก่อน

      I hope not, completely out of context

  • @MrJZ367
    @MrJZ367 2 ปีที่แล้ว +11236

    Clair Patterson was a big part of getting lead out of gasoline. He didn't just do the research, he testified to lawmakers as well. He's one of those true heroes that we shamefully never get told about in school.

    • @prinstyrio0
      @prinstyrio0 2 ปีที่แล้ว +225

      @gioyu comi I would say he grossly underestimated how bad they were rather, given he expected 10 times less lead in bones today as opposed to thousands of years ago.
      Who can say though if he was trying to be optimistic and ignore "skepticism" from others or were completely ignorant, he's still terrible for knowingly exposing himself to the chemicals just to fool others and make a profit.
      I think greed can make many go far even to risk their own life than risk being honest and losing everything, but I'm not sure he might've risked as much if he knew what he know today, especially since he did a lot of the studies himself on lead to find out, whether out of conscience or to save his invention's reputation.

    • @jedahn
      @jedahn 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Let the market decide. The government will raise taxes to remove the lead pipes still in use. TAX IS THEFT!

    • @torineg.847
      @torineg.847 2 ปีที่แล้ว +44

      So that's why millions of kids were uninterested in school in the late 50s and 60s
      17:10 And we pay tax es., it should be re versed for poi son ing the pub lic !!

    • @Greyraes
      @Greyraes 2 ปีที่แล้ว +184

      @@prinstyrio0 no. You've mixed it up, it was PATTERSON that measured and expected 10 times less, and found his predictions blown out of the water. Rewatch at 16:04
      Midgley spent months recovering from lead poisoning in Florida and avoiding his own product. If anyone was to know about the effects of lead first hand it would have been him.

    • @Vousie
      @Vousie 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@prinstyrio0 That skepticism is today known in covid contexts as "anti-vaxxers"... And at the centre of it all, we find once again a very greedy company making huge profits at the cost of millions of people's health.

  • @xliquidflames
    @xliquidflames 2 ปีที่แล้ว +18898

    If it's a story about chemistry hurting people, you can bet DuPont is going to be mentioned at least once.

    • @TheWunder
      @TheWunder 2 ปีที่แล้ว +477

      Nah, they sponsored the video.

    • @johndupont1413
      @johndupont1413 2 ปีที่แล้ว +430

      No I won’t

    • @9PlatinumGamer9
      @9PlatinumGamer9 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1461

      DuPont is the second Horseman of the (waterbased) Apocalypse. Nestlé steals your water, DuPont poisons it and gets away from it.

    • @Ewr42
      @Ewr42 2 ปีที่แล้ว +363

      @@SerunaXI you're right.
      DuPont's aren't accidental, just collateral damage.

    • @yunusjauhari
      @yunusjauhari 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6

      😂

  • @eliasreissmuller6131
    @eliasreissmuller6131 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +264

    Thank you so much for such an amazing video and production.
    I’d only wish you would have mentioned the lead mines in Kabwe (Zambia) in the end, which still have an effect for more than 200.000 people today. It’s one of the biggest environmental problems which no one ever talks about.

    • @nancyshao3547
      @nancyshao3547 หลายเดือนก่อน

      That is true

    • @Observer_Effect
      @Observer_Effect 17 วันที่ผ่านมา

      Well, you just did mention them, and you are someone -- talking about it. ;-)

    • @Shinzon23
      @Shinzon23 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

      To be fair there's a lot of things in that corner of the world we don't talk about that are despicable... like what the CCP gets up to there

  • @drallak442
    @drallak442 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +96

    WOW these videos are packed with things I've not heard much about and it does it in a very well manner!

    • @thernly
      @thernly 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

      A very well manner? Did you breathe a little too much lead?

    • @jayh1734
      @jayh1734 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      There are many other factors as well. Radiation also became a problem around the late 40s. It's so saturated in the environment that tests for it can be used to determine a true expensive antique from a modern fake.
      Plastics became cheaper than glass bottles, steel cans, cotton clothes, etc.
      And the worst problem is corruption. More money and power is made off the green movement than all these other things. While promoting something even more toxic and devastating to the land. Li po batteries.
      The ultimate problem is still the same. Morality. And there is only one place to get that. Unfortunately, the bible has also been ignored more and more during this same exact time frame.
      I believe a true revival would solve these and many more problems than anything else.
      But in the meantime, if you want to know the truth, follow the money

  • @ROLtheWolf
    @ROLtheWolf 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5961

    The moment that Midgley pretended that Ethyl wasn't dangerous (especially after HE, HIMSELF, had just recovered from lead poisoning) was the moment that it was no longer an "ACCIDENT" that he poisoned the world.

    • @chez-bubulle
      @chez-bubulle 2 ปีที่แล้ว +396

      The amount of times this kind of disregard for human safety has happened disgusts me.

    • @jimwerther
      @jimwerther 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Very interesting....and full of BS. Lead is bad, true. But all the claims about millions of deaths and vastly increased crime and rampant stupidity as a result? That is so absurd as to be laughable. Violent crime rising between the 1960s and the 1990s, and falling thereafter, has numerous causes, most of which are far more direct and obvious than the ridiculously stretched idea presented here. (The lead theory presented here is at least as detached as the one presented in Freakonomics, which is the legalization of abortion.) In fact, when criminal reform took hold, crime took off. When attitudes changed and society cracked down, crime plummeted. And since "defund the police" and rioting in big cities became a thing? Crime rates have shot up. Surprise! Or has there been an increase in lead levels recently?
      Violent crime is overwhelmingly committed by poor people in inner cities, the very people who rarely see the inside of a car. And before you say, yes James, but how about all that air they are breathing in? Well, okay, how about the folks tha live a mile or two away? Right next to Harlem is the Upper West Side, and very close to the South Bronx is Riverdale. How is it that neither the UWS nor Riverdale has high crime rates? To the contrary, violent crime is nearly unheard of there.
      Okay, so you'll point to lead paint in the antiquated apartment buildings. Here's my question: ALL the apartment buildings had lead paint in the 1920s. Where was all the violent crime in the '30s, '40s, and '50s?
      Personally speaking, my father is one of the smartest people I ever knew, and is still accomplishing at age 94. He drove a car that took leaded gas past the point that one could find such things in gas stations. I remember at a very young age when my father would ask for leaded gas until it became increasingly difficult to find stations that sold it, and then became impossible. Yet those supposed intelligence and heart problems apparently forgot to visit my father. Me? I was born during the years that supposedly were the worst ones according this video (something like 1950 - 1980, without going back to check). I grew up in a working class NYC neighborhood, with lead paint in the walls and with unclean air just outside, and traveled in my father's car. And my IQ was measured in the 99th percentile.
      Somehow all the stupid people around us have managed to create more inventions in the last 100 years than in all of prior world history combined, including those which have extended life expectancy by decades. Wild, isn't it?
      The previous handful of videos I've seen on this channel were interesting, informative, and well-made, as was this one, actually. But now I am doubting everything I ever learned here, or thought I did, having just watched a piece of utter propaganda.
      Lastly, if the channel host really wanted to produce a video which lives up to this one's title (save a small change, adding a "wo" in front of "man"), he could tell the world about Rachel Carson's war on pesticides, which has led to the death of more than 50m Africans and counting, with an offsetting gain of nearly or literally nothing. Somehow, though, I doubt that video will be forthcoming. Doesn't fit the narrative.

    • @chez-bubulle
      @chez-bubulle 2 ปีที่แล้ว +130

      @@jimwerther quite the monologue just to disagree with literally every scientist in the world saying that lead is dangerous. Your proof being "trust me bro, my dad is smart"

    • @kentslocum
      @kentslocum 2 ปีที่แล้ว +71

      The moment we failed to listen to Ben Franklin was when it stopped being an accident.

    • @gaiasguardian205
      @gaiasguardian205 2 ปีที่แล้ว +31

      In all reality, the companies, banks, and other companies involved would have simply hired someone else to advertise the product anyway. Most likely a worker, I mean - they used the radium girls.
      The advertising point was safety, and "nothing says safe better than breathing it!"

  • @alextam4607
    @alextam4607 ปีที่แล้ว +4655

    "Accidentally" is a bit generous considering he knew the dangers and intentionally covered them up

    • @Jove3321
      @Jove3321 ปีที่แล้ว +63

      I find the word "accidentally" used consistently for the conscious anemic.

    • @chriswillis713
      @chriswillis713 ปีที่แล้ว +188

      I came here to say this but also add "he had a much safer alternative but refused to use it because it wasn't chemically unique enough to get a patent for it."

    • @dogfellow3848
      @dogfellow3848 ปีที่แล้ว +26

      I'm gonna go out on a limb and say he didn't fully intend for all those people to get lead poisoning

    • @krischan67
      @krischan67 ปีที่แล้ว +61

      Most people don't intend to kill others as well when doing irresponsibly dangerous things, like driving much faster than allowed. I still want them to go into jail if that happens.
      Of course, he wasn't the only one who went on that road while knowing it, but the excuse "If I could get away with it, but give it up, then others will get away with doing it anyway" was and is the cause of a lot of the most terrible things done by humans.

    • @chriswillis713
      @chriswillis713 ปีที่แล้ว +71

      @@dogfellow3848 he took a vacation in Miami after accidentally poisoning himself (specifically to give his lungs a break). He had to start his own company because Dupont was tired of the product killing his employees and for that company he repeatedly had to start new factories because his employees kept dying/going mad/etc.

  • @Mentepermanente
    @Mentepermanente 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +27

    Wow, such an impressive production! This is probably the best informative TH-cam Channel out there. Who would know Lead had this level of impact. Amazing... Thank you

  • @hhairball9
    @hhairball9 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +14

    Well done mini doc! Very informative! Thank you!

  • @ddognine
    @ddognine 2 ปีที่แล้ว +9925

    Let's be honest. Thomas Midgley did not operate in isolation. He had many enablers and was ultimately just an employee of General Motors. By putting the blame on Midgley, it offers a convenient escape from culpability to GM, Standard Oil, DuPont, and many other corporations.

    • @bramkivenko9912
      @bramkivenko9912 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Don't worry, Schwab is killing more people ss we speak.

    • @ninjabluefyre3815
      @ninjabluefyre3815 2 ปีที่แล้ว +314

      You have a point.

    • @Emily-pr3qc
      @Emily-pr3qc 2 ปีที่แล้ว +148

      Absolutely.

    • @user-pn4fy7eb2n
      @user-pn4fy7eb2n 2 ปีที่แล้ว +121

      thanks for pointing that out. what you said is true but the title says “the man” so it makes sense to stick to that for now

    • @Genexus8
      @Genexus8 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      I see you are not a spawn of this disaster, you see the obvious right in front of you. Similar to uranium decaying into lead over a 4+billion year time being taught as a fact, when there is no solid evidence of it. To say you one has scientifically proven such would mean they watched the process over time, no matter if it's true or not its hypothetical yet they teach the dumbed down masses created by this disaster as if it were without question a fact. I'm glad to see there is at least one person affected by it 😛

  • @EugeneKhutoryansky
    @EugeneKhutoryansky 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5300

    That is one way to be one of history's most influential inventors.

    • @vincemarenger7122
      @vincemarenger7122 2 ปีที่แล้ว +30

      Thank you for your channel. It's very precious

    • @cboy-ou2hr
      @cboy-ou2hr 2 ปีที่แล้ว +8

      Nice to see you here I also learned a lot from your channel

    • @FatRescueSwimmer04
      @FatRescueSwimmer04 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      🤣🤣

    • @thelamergamer1894
      @thelamergamer1894 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5

      Fancy seeing you here. Your channel has been so important to me and my physics education.

    • @electronresonator8882
      @electronresonator8882 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      but you make tons of money, and when people realized, the problem is no longer yours, ...Lead, Freon, Carbon and many more... the business man repeats the very same trick, ...do you think that Thomas Midley Jr. jailed for thousand years, or confiscated entire of his wealth for that lead poisoning and million of deaths?

  • @MsWoodgnome
    @MsWoodgnome 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +9

    Excellent. Contextualised facts that I knew but an impact that I did not.

  • @gaurisharma5032
    @gaurisharma5032 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    Thanks for bringing this up

  • @Imperiused
    @Imperiused 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3707

    I think "accidental" is more than a little generous. They knew it was poison. They just chose to ignore it because of the opportunity for profit.

    • @nikkialkema1032
      @nikkialkema1032 2 ปีที่แล้ว +95

      I think they mean accidental as in it wasn't the intent, but I do agree with you.

    • @cosmicreef5858
      @cosmicreef5858 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Funny think is without people there is no profit so.
      They are completely blinded and we let them continue they will only wake up when it will be too late and out planet just burns up(literally).

    • @Elliandr
      @Elliandr 2 ปีที่แล้ว +135

      Which is all the more ironic when you consider that the original intent was to solve the safety issue caused by the cranks. They wanted less people to die, but killed more people instead.

    • @velocirapper8862
      @velocirapper8862 2 ปีที่แล้ว +26

      What about the freons? It wasnt mentioned if he knew the dangers it would have on the ozone. Not trying to sympathise with him, just saying that maybe that one was an actual accident.

    • @Elliandr
      @Elliandr 2 ปีที่แล้ว +50

      @@velocirapper8862 that one actually does seem like an accident to me. It is after all very stable and safe to be around. It's not like he would have known that widespread use would have resulted in the gas ending up in the upper atmosphere where it could be chemically altered. That said, someone really should have taught him the precautionary principle of science. Assume that something is dangerous until proven safe.

  • @Irobert1115HD
    @Irobert1115HD 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3343

    you can claim that the damage he caused with CFCs was a accident but leaded gasoline was actually something he knew from the getgo was bad. it wasnt even the best solution to the problem he wanted to solve.

    • @gdheib0430
      @gdheib0430 2 ปีที่แล้ว +41

      Yeah didn't we have to use weather balloons along with satellites before we realized CFCs were bad?

    • @Irobert1115HD
      @Irobert1115HD 2 ปีที่แล้ว +186

      @@gdheib0430 yes. in the case of leaded gasoline he knew that it was bad. in the case of CFCs he tried to find a good solution to a big problem and peoples overused it wich increased the damage he didnt knew he was doing.

    • @troll2637
      @troll2637 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@Irobert1115HD but still, man was a walking disaster.
      Edit: people don't like my comment because of my name. That's annoying. It's the same people who worship racial discrimination.

    • @Irobert1115HD
      @Irobert1115HD 2 ปีที่แล้ว +15

      @@troll2637 in the case of leade gasoline he knew that.

    • @jchampagne2
      @jchampagne2 2 ปีที่แล้ว +200

      Yeah, Derek said that ethyl alcohol was written off because it was too expensive but any hayseed with a still can make it and it's literally what we put in our gasoline now instead. The problem was that you can't patent a process as simple as distillation, so there was no money to be made from it. Plus oil companies didn't like it because it increased fuel efficiency, so there was outside economic pressure against it as well.

  • @kuldeeplonkar
    @kuldeeplonkar หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    this is such a well researched video with so much information that was never taught in school. bravo!

  • @jacobjoy1200
    @jacobjoy1200 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Amazing video, great way of explaining a concept

  • @ssor
    @ssor 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4284

    It's interesting that the person who caused the harm in this case did so much of it and did it with a huge amount of support. Meanwhile, the person who tried to undo it had to go to great lengths to prove there was a problem and was still seen as extreme at the time.

    • @MegaShrooom
      @MegaShrooom 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Its the same with microplastics and phthalates these days. Openly destroying this generation's reproductive health but still used in everything, driven by profit.

    • @StalemateNZ
      @StalemateNZ 2 ปีที่แล้ว +123

      Hmm reminds me of Pfizer 🤣

    • @seanhubbard6033
      @seanhubbard6033 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@StalemateNZ vaccines are not dangerous, grow up.

    • @michalg4824
      @michalg4824 2 ปีที่แล้ว +35

      @@seanhubbard6033 🤣 You mean gene therapy?

    • @shadowdragon3521
      @shadowdragon3521 2 ปีที่แล้ว +377

      People who fight against power structures are always labelled as extreme by those who want to hold on to their power

  • @JoshucaVA
    @JoshucaVA 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1396

    "Accidentally"
    *talks about how he nearly died from lead poisoning, got others killed, and proceeded to tell people that it wasn't actually a problem*

    • @Montezuma0
      @Montezuma0 2 ปีที่แล้ว +41

      Hey at least he made more money before he inevitably died

    • @darshakparikh5908
      @darshakparikh5908 2 ปีที่แล้ว +44

      🔥🔥🔥“This is fine!”🔥🔥🔥

    • @rodittis
      @rodittis 2 ปีที่แล้ว +51

      Thank god he contracted polio. God only knows how many other horrors he would have unleashed on the world.

    • @randomuser5237
      @randomuser5237 2 ปีที่แล้ว +14

      Accidental has nothing to do with the person, but the whole sequence of events and their timings. None of this would have happened if the lady's car didn't break down or someone else came up with a less toxic additive or a different design for combustion engine etc. No matter what his real intentions were there was no way he could have known the extent of damage his actions brought.

    • @rasheemthebestfirstone3274
      @rasheemthebestfirstone3274 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @Darius Bostic 🙏🏽🙏🏽

  • @Kiltoonie
    @Kiltoonie 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    Really neat and tidy presentation!

  • @ClassyCheapskate
    @ClassyCheapskate 5 วันที่ผ่านมา

    I love your video! Just subscribed. Thank you for creating this. It was very interesting.

  • @garya7129
    @garya7129 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2696

    "We'll go down in history as the first society that wouldn't save itself because it wasn't cost effective" Kurt Vonnegut

    • @david2869
      @david2869 2 ปีที่แล้ว +125

      Except that we won't go down in history, history will go down with us!

    • @gangleweed
      @gangleweed 2 ปีที่แล้ว +19

      It is true to say that the Human animal is so inefficient due to it not living long enough to show a return on investment.

    • @InhalingWeasel
      @InhalingWeasel 2 ปีที่แล้ว +24

      I don't want to be THAT guy but cost/benefit analysis is more than capable of accounting for negative externalities including apocalyptic events. It's just rarely done and only when the situation is really really bad. So technically humanity will save itself only when the price for not doing so is high enough in the short term.

    • @DeminicusSCA
      @DeminicusSCA 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      a thing to note the heptane was rapidly become a useless and abunduint waste product with out a octaine booster. At the time the suplus heptane was just dumped in the river. the addition of lead was to convert that waste product from oil refining in to something usefull . when he said we will make 200mill it was because he prevented all that waste , and ironitlly pollution. Had they continued to dump extra the heptane in the rivers, what would that disaster look like ? in refining oil you get more heptaine than octaine, before lead the rivers next to refinerys would literally burn for months on end do to all the excess heptane being dumped. compared to that the lead probably seemed like a win win.

    • @david2869
      @david2869 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@Randrew Yes, and when we die back to sustainability, most of history, along with our technology, will be lost. We will enter the "Trash Age" where we live off of our ancestors trash and whatever else we can scrounge.

  • @zachklaphaak441
    @zachklaphaak441 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2706

    Considering he spent a year recovering from lead toxicity, claiming he "accidentally" killed the most people in history seems a bit generous.

    • @abbyynorman2874
      @abbyynorman2874 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      You never truly recover from Lead Poisoning...your brain is damaged beyond repair.

    • @jonathonholifield3166
      @jonathonholifield3166 2 ปีที่แล้ว +239

      Yeah, it really does. He prioritized profits over public health, just like major corporations do today

    • @jayspeidell
      @jayspeidell 2 ปีที่แล้ว +201

      Yeah, lead was known to be harmful.
      I think a good contender for "person who accidentally killed the most people" might be Mao Zedong killing off the sparrows to protect crops, which were then decimated by insects whose population exploded without predators. This triggered one of the worse famines in history.

    • @GVS
      @GVS 2 ปีที่แล้ว +25

      TH-cam title optimization

    • @rcortez3899
      @rcortez3899 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@jayspeidell yeah, f that guy

  • @TsukechanKills
    @TsukechanKills 20 วันที่ผ่านมา +4

    It’s awful what greed does to people.

    • @DavidMcdonald-df8tb
      @DavidMcdonald-df8tb 6 วันที่ผ่านมา

      Especially those in government positions

  • @bgw33
    @bgw33 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    Another powerful video. Thanks.🎉

  • @bnbaustralia4932
    @bnbaustralia4932 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4879

    the fact that this isnt taught in school ought to scare the hell out of everyone that watches this. i have a chemical physics degree and knew of the science, but not the industrial economic and social dimensions. awesome video.

    • @Magikarp_king
      @Magikarp_king 2 ปีที่แล้ว +152

      There are a lot of things not taught in school that we should know about. Especially things we apparently should know about but if we don't we could go to jail. Taxes, basic law, property, waste disposal, how much reproduction has an impact on not only your life but the world... Education needs to be rebuilt from the ground up.

    • @StuntpilootStef
      @StuntpilootStef 2 ปีที่แล้ว +22

      I was taught this in the Netherlands.

    • @jedahn
      @jedahn 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      That's because lead is perfectly safe for consumption. The only reason you think it's toxic is the government told you that. I can assure you they'll want to steal your money to remove our lead pipes is through more taxes. There's no way someone would've ignored this with the free market in play, or else a competitor would've stolen their business. The only thing that makes sense is the government lied to keep us dumb.

    • @ZacharyKentVT
      @ZacharyKentVT 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      Agreed 💯

    • @electrictroy2010
      @electrictroy2010 2 ปีที่แล้ว +12

      It WAS taught in school, but being a kid you didn’t pay attention
      .

  • @marc509mtz4
    @marc509mtz4 2 ปีที่แล้ว +848

    The irony of him poisoning himself, poisoning others, then dying from his own contraption. This guy was the grim reaper.

    • @SaveMoneySavethePlanet
      @SaveMoneySavethePlanet 2 ปีที่แล้ว +28

      Yea, he definitely sounds like someone who deserves more of our hate

    • @jmchez
      @jmchez 2 ปีที่แล้ว +12

      For years, I have referred to him in my classes as Dr. Frankenstein; everything he created, turned evil.

    • @oldmandoinghighkicksonlyin1368
      @oldmandoinghighkicksonlyin1368 2 ปีที่แล้ว +12

      Karl Marx has him beat easily.

    • @skhtrm
      @skhtrm 2 ปีที่แล้ว +36

      @@oldmandoinghighkicksonlyin1368 no the people who butchered his ideas and implemented a shitty version deserve it

    • @maxpelletier2237
      @maxpelletier2237 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      He was definitely cursed.

  • @jardennis4nd
    @jardennis4nd 13 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Very well directed. This was great.

  • @phychmasher
    @phychmasher 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    Wow. I love this channel. Thank you.

  • @evilnet1
    @evilnet1 ปีที่แล้ว +5185

    His death was kind of a reflection of his life.
    He tried to engineer solutions to problems only for them to backfire to create an even bigger one.
    Rather poetic.

    • @artistaustrian1443
      @artistaustrian1443 ปีที่แล้ว +56

      Mankind in general really ,well industrial countries anyways

    • @Reni3r
      @Reni3r ปีที่แล้ว

      I'm just sad the bed was only able to strangle him to death once for what he did. Somehow he is far more evil than ppl who killed because they believe they did the right thing. This guy was not mentally ill, he know 100% what he did, he caused huge damage and all of it because he just wanted to get rich. That's so mundane and pathetic.

    • @PrestonGarvey69
      @PrestonGarvey69 ปีที่แล้ว +40

      Don't go chasing waterfalls stay with the rivers and lakes you know.

    • @vinsanity40k
      @vinsanity40k ปีที่แล้ว +75

      who else can claim to have created more than just one environmental disaster in a single lifetime

    • @michaelquintana8533
      @michaelquintana8533 ปีที่แล้ว

      is this real?? or a n attempt to shift focus from off the other evil men we think of..;; " Shitler AKA Hitler Stalins and what ever that Gengivits Kahns...

  • @alienvseditor
    @alienvseditor 2 ปีที่แล้ว +742

    A lady's car breaking down, leading to a man's immediate death, leading to a development of a really loud car, leading to the development of leaded gasoline, and finally leading to the poisoning of an entire generation.

    • @damarsasongko20
      @damarsasongko20 2 ปีที่แล้ว +97

      Moral of this story:
      Everytime you men decide to help a stranded woman who's having a car breaking down on the road side, don't forget to say this to her "Ma'am, you probably can be a person who might change a course of a history of invention and destruction at the same time."

    • @skimask4381
      @skimask4381 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      So.. capture and enslave all women?

    • @thefinalfrontear
      @thefinalfrontear 2 ปีที่แล้ว +96

      @@damarsasongko20 speeds past a stranded driver “no way ecoterrorist, i won’t fall for your tricks!”

    • @hman2912
      @hman2912 2 ปีที่แล้ว +8

      Think about how many people were brought out of poverty, how high the human life expectancy went up, how high human population got and the advancement of modern medicine over the same period.

    • @Liwet.
      @Liwet. 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Another example of why women shouldn't drive. /s

  • @Darium856
    @Darium856 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +7

    Beautifully made video brotha. Such a good job intertwining two lives and illuminating the horrors of our predecessors.

  • @unredeconstructed
    @unredeconstructed 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    I like your videos. I almost never comment, but since I respect your work so much, I wanted to let you know that you spelled received wrong in Franklin's quote @ 11:52. Keep up the good work!

  • @sealeo5772
    @sealeo5772 2 ปีที่แล้ว +7206

    Telling Patterson's story in parallel with Midgley's is such a good choice, really shows that the side effects of leaded gasoline were not something unknown to the generation that implemented it. they just valued easy profit over human life. Though one thing that irks me about the way that science history (and most history for that matter) is presented by stories like these is showing Patterson alone on a boat or in the arctic gathering samples. Scientists work in teams and the research credited to Midgley or Patterson is not the work of one man but a whole bunch and the people who support them.

    • @demoncloud6147
      @demoncloud6147 2 ปีที่แล้ว +141

      Midgley, an inventor with some of the best worst inventions 😅

    • @the193thdoctor5
      @the193thdoctor5 2 ปีที่แล้ว +60

      I think this narrative is mentioned in the book the theory of everything. And it is probably the main source of this video.

    • @andbirg
      @andbirg 2 ปีที่แล้ว +53

      I mean at the end of the day he has to keep idiots like us interested so.

    • @notfound3358
      @notfound3358 2 ปีที่แล้ว +209

      Thank god they don't value easy profit over human life anymore... Oh wait🤔

    • @bravelemonade6894
      @bravelemonade6894 2 ปีที่แล้ว +17

      Go back to cleaning the lab equipment buddy

  • @LarvaHeroes
    @LarvaHeroes 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5922

    Considering he spent a year recovering from lead toxicity, claiming he "accidentally" killed the most people in history seems a bit generous

    • @77mcmarine
      @77mcmarine 2 ปีที่แล้ว +122

      "Recovering" is 💯% going into his lawyers defense of him if he lived long enough to be sue for negligence

    • @hankmoody7513
      @hankmoody7513 2 ปีที่แล้ว +306

      @@77mcmarine It is a genuine tragedy that it didn't kill him before he could do what he did.

    • @palehorserider1407
      @palehorserider1407 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      it was all by design ! Jus like 9/11 and this Scamdemic

    • @lad458
      @lad458 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6

      exactly

    • @hankmoody7513
      @hankmoody7513 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      @@palehorserider1407 take your meds.

  • @kuehesther
    @kuehesther 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    The only video that surprised me. I need 2 screens to survive a video at all times but not this. I love the history. Keep it up. You doing wonders to my brain😊

  • @dreambuilder6647
    @dreambuilder6647 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    damn what an extreme quality video full of info in audio and video wise

  • @floridasoldat
    @floridasoldat 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2351

    Being able to correlate historical events related to human civilization like the rise and fall of empires and the Black Death by observing lead levels in the ice cores in Greenland is so crazy.

    • @LeLe-pm2pr
      @LeLe-pm2pr 2 ปีที่แล้ว +61

      @@cewla3348 it was both the poles and greenland

    • @user-lp7tx1fe6t
      @user-lp7tx1fe6t 2 ปีที่แล้ว +55

      Earth is a closed system 🤷‍♂️

    • @FREDDIECASH229
      @FREDDIECASH229 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Stream Young Loud. 😈

    • @BHBalast
      @BHBalast 2 ปีที่แล้ว +9

      @@user-lp7tx1fe6t It is not, it gets sun energy

    • @senankannangara6825
      @senankannangara6825 2 ปีที่แล้ว +71

      @@BHBalast Earth is a closed system, but not an Isolated system. Closed systems absorb/release energy with outside, but isolated systems do not.

  • @strikeslayer3911
    @strikeslayer3911 ปีที่แล้ว +4512

    This man just managed to cover history, psychology, physics, chemistry, math, biology, geology, astronomy, economics, and philosophy.
    Edit: I added a bunch of stuff that was requested and fixed the Chem science thing

    • @groundsymphony
      @groundsymphony ปีที่แล้ว +122

      Honestly I got really mad because at first he moved between so many subjects, but boy this is the most amazing video ever imo

    • @VincentForDesign
      @VincentForDesign ปีที่แล้ว +39

      …and animation!

    • @MilesLoden-vn6wr
      @MilesLoden-vn6wr 11 หลายเดือนก่อน +22

      A true renaissance man.

    • @numinous4789
      @numinous4789 11 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

      Textbook pessimism. The statement is true, in part, but is definitely not the whole story and is presented in a selective manner that disregards this fact.

    • @haraldhonk4650
      @haraldhonk4650 11 หลายเดือนก่อน +10

      And geology!

  • @ronlucock3702
    @ronlucock3702 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    What an absolutely brilliant article. Well done.

  • @bronsonpercy1699
    @bronsonpercy1699 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    ik this TH-cam channel has been around for a while but i was never really interested in it until I watched the blue LED vid, and now this one made me subscribe. I love how much information is needed to create new things, and i love that they put it all in the vid, and i loved learning about fuel compression ratios, i have a 5.7 hemi and its recommended to use mid grade gas and i never new why till now! 💯

    • @bronsonpercy1699
      @bronsonpercy1699 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

      I was waiting for the car stuff to go back to the nuclear stuff and when he made the connection my jaw dropped lol the lead on his samples from cars

  • @UniqueHandleName
    @UniqueHandleName 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3045

    This isn't mentioned in the video, but Clair Patterson was blacklisted for speaking out against lead in gasoline. When the government finally formed a National Research Council panel to investigate it eight years after Patterson raised the alarm, he was excluded despite being the world's leading expert on the subject. Before publishing his paper in 1963, his work was largely funded by oil companies to the tune of around $20k per year. That funding was immediately rescinded, and he also lost a contract with the Public Health Service. The oil industry asked the Atomic Energy Commission to stop funding his work, and members of the board at Caltech tried to have him silenced. He spent most of his life in relative obscurity because of the efforts to blacklist him. Some of that has changed in the past decade or so, and these days, a lot of people know who he is.

    • @branewalker
      @branewalker 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      I don't know the details about Patterson's employment, but I do know that anti-science conservatives are opposing academic tenure now; no doubt it such a loss of academic freedom would be leveraged to silence all sorts of inconvenient science. They're also usually the first to decry government funding of the arts and sciences.

    • @rivershen8199
      @rivershen8199 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Nothing has changed, our lives are still in the hands of lobbyists and corrupt politicians. In a few years or decades we'll be looking back at the scientists that are being silenced right now and wish we listened to them.
      If you know, you know

    • @EyreEver
      @EyreEver 2 ปีที่แล้ว +186

      Sounds very familiar.

    • @dlo111
      @dlo111 2 ปีที่แล้ว +162

      Never heard of him until today. This is such a sobering video.

    • @thecircumcisedheartofricha7344
      @thecircumcisedheartofricha7344 2 ปีที่แล้ว +59

      It was mentioned in the second version of Cosmos when Neil Tyson took over.

  • @At0mix
    @At0mix 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1618

    I feel like "accidentally" only applies to the second time that man caused a global environmental catastrophe, the one with the lead seemed like willful ignorance. It's honestly crazy how much damage to the earth a single man was able to do in his pursuit of short-term gain.

    • @krustysurfer
      @krustysurfer 2 ปีที่แล้ว +112

      Not willful ignorance... Its was criminal behavior

    • @At0mix
      @At0mix 2 ปีที่แล้ว +102

      @@krustysurfer You're right, "feigned ignorance" is probably more accurate. He knew, but decided to do it anyway, downplaying the dangers every step of the way

    • @peterkiss501
      @peterkiss501 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      okay, so now you watched this video and you are sooooo smart

    • @xAxMxWx
      @xAxMxWx 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      I prefer to say a single generation because he definitely couldn’t have done it all alone.

    • @Kay-jg6tf
      @Kay-jg6tf 2 ปีที่แล้ว +27

      @@peterkiss501 You're not making a great case for your own "smartness" right now, what's your point?

  • @jeffreyt02
    @jeffreyt02 หลายเดือนก่อน

    This is a really awesome video!

  • @garnGad
    @garnGad 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    Wow I am astounded , amazing Channel, brilliantly communicated, if I hadn’t so much lead in my body , I’d have been smart enough to have known this earlier in life 😅.
    We should all be compensated for this unacceptable injustice. Thanks for the most outstanding video posted this week at least. I’m looking forward to watching more from this excellent Channel.❤

  • @leomessiandrescuccitini6080
    @leomessiandrescuccitini6080 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1811

    “We do not feel justified in giving up what has come to the industry like a gift from heaven on the possibility that a hazard may be involved in it”
    That’s the sort of things a cliche villain from a sci-fi movie would say.

    • @francodegasperi3814
      @francodegasperi3814 2 ปีที่แล้ว +74

      That guy must have been so proud when he spoke those words. Must have felt like the most righteous and smartest person alive.

    • @ghoul4748
      @ghoul4748 2 ปีที่แล้ว +62

      @@francodegasperi3814 >implying rich people care about anything at all except making more money. lol

    • @tilmerkan3882
      @tilmerkan3882 2 ปีที่แล้ว +15

      Perfect crime and he even felt good about it.

    • @joshbobst1629
      @joshbobst1629 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      It often strikes us just how dumb are the people who rule our world.

    • @MonCappy
      @MonCappy 2 ปีที่แล้ว +44

      It's what a Capitalist would say. So basically, the same thing.

  • @superepicgaming3535
    @superepicgaming3535 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1913

    Every time this guy made a “non toxic” product, it proved to kill the most people ever

    • @paulelderson934
      @paulelderson934 2 ปีที่แล้ว +75

      You gotta respect the sheer courage of the person asking the guy who made all children dumb and violent to be in charge of making yet another "safe" chemical compound.

    • @aparnarai3708
      @aparnarai3708 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      @@paulelderson934 respect+++++

    • @gwho
      @gwho 2 ปีที่แล้ว +26

      *cough* covid vaccines *cough*

    • @sserenities3581
      @sserenities3581 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@gwho shh the fbi's coming to get u

    • @jimwerther
      @jimwerther 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Very interesting....and full of BS. Lead is bad, true. But all the claims about millions of deaths and vastly increased crime and rampant stupidity as a result? That is so absurd as to be laughable. Violent crime rising between the 1960s and the 1990s, and falling thereafter, has numerous causes, most of which are far more direct and obvious than the ridiculously stretched idea presented here. (The lead theory presented here is at least as detached as the one presented in Freakonomics, which is the legalization of abortion.) In fact, when criminal reform took hold, crime took off. When attitudes changed and society cracked down, crime plummeted. And since "defund the police" and rioting in big cities became a thing? Crime rates have shot up. Surprise! Or has there been an increase in lead levels recently?
      Violent crime is overwhelmingly committed by poor people in inner cities, the very people who rarely see the inside of a car. And before you say, yes James, but how about all that air they are breathing in? Well, okay, how about the folks tha live a mile or two away? Right next to Harlem is the Upper West Side, and very close to the South Bronx is Riverdale. How is it that neither the UWS nor Riverdale has high crime rates? To the contrary, violent crime is nearly unheard of there.
      Okay, so you'll point to lead paint in the antiquated apartment buildings. Here's my question: ALL the apartment buildings had lead paint in the 1920s. Where was all the violent crime in the '30s, '40s, and '50s?
      Personally speaking, my father is one of the smartest people I ever knew, and is still accomplishing at age 94. He drove a car that took leaded gas past the point that one could find such things in gas stations. I remember at a very young age when my father would ask for leaded gas until it became increasingly difficult to find stations that sold it, and then became impossible. Yet those supposed intelligence and heart problems apparently forgot to visit my father. Me? I was born during the years that supposedly were the worst ones according this video (something like 1950 - 1980, without going back to check). I grew up in a working class NYC neighborhood, with lead paint in the walls and with unclean air just outside, and traveled in my father's car. And my IQ was measured in the 99th percentile.
      Somehow all the stupid people around us have managed to create more inventions in the last 100 years than in all of prior world history combined, including those which have extended life expectancy by decades. Wild, isn't it?
      The previous handful of videos I've seen on this channel were interesting, informative, and well-made, as was this one, actually. But now I am doubting everything I ever learned here, or thought I did, having just watched a piece of utter propaganda.
      Lastly, if the channel host really wanted to produce a video which lives up to this one's title (save a small change, adding a "wo" in front of "man"), he could tell the world about Rachel Carson's war on pesticides, which has led to the death of more than 50m Africans and counting, with an offsetting gain of nearly or literally nothing. Somehow, though, I doubt that video will be forthcoming. Doesn't fit the narrative.

  • @dalegribble420
    @dalegribble420 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    i did not expect to learn what octane readings actually mean when i clicked on this video, but i did anyway. good job lmao, very informative and entertaining! the story of why cars no longer have cranks was neat too, i'd never heard it before. makes me wonder how much longer car cranks would've been a thing if that dude didn't get his jaw destroyed by one, and how different things would be.

  • @danielklee2933
    @danielklee2933 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    A video on the world wide use of aerosols is another topic of discussion that many are missing out on.

  • @BenEater
    @BenEater 2 ปีที่แล้ว +7632

    The FAA has been dragging their feet on approving unleaded aviation fuel for years even though a fleet-wide replacement (G100UL) has passed all of the necessary certification tests multiple times. Naturally, approving it would create economic winners and losers, so I guess that's the holdup?

    • @konradp5915
      @konradp5915 2 ปีที่แล้ว +509

      The timing of infrastructure changes always coincides with keeping money in the same pockets.

    • @wannabecarguy
      @wannabecarguy 2 ปีที่แล้ว +33

      Peer reviewed data proves that decay is accelerated by other materials.

    • @Joan-xy5wm
      @Joan-xy5wm 2 ปีที่แล้ว +55

      At least the aviation version is "low lead" (100LL). I think that's about half of the normal lead level.

    • @masternobody1896
      @masternobody1896 2 ปีที่แล้ว +12

      sadlife. but in order to solve this we have brilliant ad. xD makes us 20 times smarter by watching yt tutorials

    • @ct1762
      @ct1762 2 ปีที่แล้ว +62

      you mean AVgas yes, but only for piston engines. Jet engines, which are responsible for 90% of the emissions, use JetA.

  • @joshuajansen4701
    @joshuajansen4701 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1129

    Man, this episode has it all! A hero, a villain, a tragic back story, a shocking plot twist. It's got my vote on Sundance.

    • @MDG-mykys
      @MDG-mykys 2 ปีที่แล้ว +12

      I want a movie about these events.

    • @Seraphim262
      @Seraphim262 2 ปีที่แล้ว +11

      And clickbait in the title.

    • @roby4504
      @roby4504 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      I apologize for this comment but I am not really patient, however I am really curious to hear what the man did.
      Could someone (who spent 25 minutes watching this video) recap it for me?

    • @jasongronn6764
      @jasongronn6764 2 ปีที่แล้ว +7

      @@roby4504 Made fuel out of lead (causing lead pollution - lead is extremely dangerous), and also made a chemical that destroyed the ozone layer

    • @roby4504
      @roby4504 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      @@jasongronn6764 Thanks man, I appreciate it.

  • @garyhope2
    @garyhope2 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +5

    Wow,....thank you for this video. Fascinating and informative. I didn't know all or much of this. Knowledge is power. Thank you.

  • @PramochanYaan
    @PramochanYaan 4 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Amazing Storytelling!!!

  • @mjhobo5520
    @mjhobo5520 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1483

    I worked as an apprentice in a lead smelter back in the early 90’s, blood tests for lead contamination were carried out monthly, you would be removed from the smelter if the contamination was about 30ppm, my usual levels were around 11-15ppm.
    The smelter was based in a small mining town in a rural and remote part of Australia and we were sent to one of the capital cities for 6 weeks for college component required as part of our training for the apprenticeship. My accomodation was in a block of flats situated on a main road in the city, with constant traffic, this was in the early 90’s and lead additives to fuel hadn’t yet been phased out.
    At the completion of that block of college, and on returning to work, my first day back coincided with the blood test for lead, and it came back higher than I’d ever had, only a couple of ppm lower than the allowable threshold. I put it down to the lead additives in the fuel from the city traffic, it’s bizarre to think that it’s safer to work in a lead smelter than it was to live beside a high traffic area.

    • @Meemsnt
      @Meemsnt 2 ปีที่แล้ว +144

      Horrifying. Thank you for sharing, really puts this issue into perspective.

    • @clumeroo
      @clumeroo 2 ปีที่แล้ว +52

      Nice to hear an Aussie perspective on the issue too.
      How ironic..

    • @walterbo7687
      @walterbo7687 2 ปีที่แล้ว +20

      @@clumeroo a small town called Mount Isa have the highest lead concentration in Australia

    • @johnkaplun9619
      @johnkaplun9619 2 ปีที่แล้ว +74

      Makes sense though. When you melt lead now one is very carefully not to reach the temperature at which it vaporized, so you can't breath it in. Not true with leaded gasoline.

    • @pronumeral1446
      @pronumeral1446 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      And now think that the current Liberal National Coalition government has refused to put in place emissions regulations and fuel economy regulations for cars (unlike the EU, UK, US, Canada, Japan, India and China). As a result, Australia is becoming a dumping ground for extremely dirty vehicles which are undoubtedly causing more air pollution (not to mention climate change) than is necessary.

  • @Digglesisdead
    @Digglesisdead 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2169

    I was a kid in the 70's and 80's. I remember my parents saying to never pick roadside blackberries because they were full of lead from the car exhaust. They must have heard about this on the news.

    • @wenmoonson
      @wenmoonson 2 ปีที่แล้ว +162

      This is one of those things where future people think past people were more ignorant than they actually were. We knew.

    • @poopsmith6853
      @poopsmith6853 2 ปีที่แล้ว +55

      I remember parents saying not to eat paint chips too, how much of 'disparity in IQ' that they try to blame on lead exposure also came from inattentive parents.

    • @VenerhiaStellarvore
      @VenerhiaStellarvore 2 ปีที่แล้ว +28

      @@poopsmith6853 They could only do so much though, it was in the sea water and air from cars all around the world..

    • @poopsmith6853
      @poopsmith6853 2 ปีที่แล้ว +15

      @@VenerhiaStellarvore and it was in every water pipe since about 2500 years ago until a few decades ago. This videos creator had some overzealous, and at times simply incorrect sources. Burned lead is absolutely a danger, so is directly consuming it like kids with paint chips, lead pipes are only a danger when the fluid going through them is acidic as sediment buildup prevents the denser lead from leaching into the fluid.
      Lead exposure is used as an excuse to handwave away genetic disparity in IQ, videos like this serve to protect chemical companies who could have lobbied to use ethanol as it's not at all expensive but was illegal at the time, and to have a non genetic reason for repeatable and proven IQ disparities. My family were farmers, probably exposed to as much burning fuel as urban kids, yet if there's any lowered IQ from it that's measurable (the 10 points the video talks about is actually within a standard deviation of 15 and therefore not measurable as a real reduction), it would only make the genetic disparity larger.

    • @VenerhiaStellarvore
      @VenerhiaStellarvore 2 ปีที่แล้ว +19

      @@poopsmith6853 Even if it's not as iq impacting as he claims it, my point still stands there's only little parents could do back then to save their kids from any kind of pollution like that. It wasn't removed from all these products for nothing yknow, maybe it didnt made boomers go dumb per say but it definitly hasnt helped them.

  • @jatingoyal8519
    @jatingoyal8519 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

    You do a great work Derek, I have learnt so much from your videos, minimizing my lygometry. Hope you reply to comment.

  • @sypiermusic
    @sypiermusic 4 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Thanks I learn a lot today

  • @janbogar1250
    @janbogar1250 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2676

    After knowing that he "spent a long time recovering from lead poisoning and wouldn't go anywhere near the product", calling the deaths accidental is not appropriate, it's at least gross negligence and at worst mass murder.
    Anyway, great video! I am in awe.

    • @electrictroy2010
      @electrictroy2010 2 ปีที่แล้ว +16

      There are many chemicals that are poisonous in large quantities, but okay in small amounts. Like salt, sugar, and various vitamins
      .

    • @Dryblack1
      @Dryblack1 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@electrictroy2010 There is no safe level of lead.

    • @pinklefoo
      @pinklefoo 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@electrictroy2010 yeah, it's when you mix in the greed of capitalism that it poisons people.

    • @heskey333
      @heskey333 2 ปีที่แล้ว +106

      @@electrictroy2010 But lead is not OK in any quantity. The more you have, the more poisoned you are - who knows how much smarter you and I would be if folks had used a little more common sense back then?

    • @darko6666
      @darko6666 2 ปีที่แล้ว +80

      @gioyu comi so many scientists went out of their way to combat corporate greed. They are forgotten because of paid smear campaigns and are never given the recognition they deserved. They were heroes that saved lives.

  • @Facadeee
    @Facadeee 2 ปีที่แล้ว +801

    I've spent 20 years on this earth, and this is the first time anybody has meaningfully explained octane rating of fuel to me. Thank you very much.

    • @1998ichigokurosaki98
      @1998ichigokurosaki98 2 ปีที่แล้ว +21

      What can i say.. modern education

    • @amansaxena5898
      @amansaxena5898 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6

      Seriously, the same impression I had, and I am of roughly same age

    • @karlmarx7037
      @karlmarx7037 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      same

    • @kyleduddleston4123
      @kyleduddleston4123 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@karlmarx7037 You are a close second for making people less intelligent. Thank you advertising for the conservative social movement. Lol

    • @lynnamarsh6384
      @lynnamarsh6384 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      did u goto public school ?

  • @kosarjavadian1664
    @kosarjavadian1664 หลายเดือนก่อน

    This is one of your best videos

  • @MickeyHz
    @MickeyHz 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Thank you, this is an outstanding example of how one individual can have an effect on the environment and other individuals

  • @Finnatese
    @Finnatese 2 ปีที่แล้ว +786

    I remember being in class at school, when I was young and we were learning a brief history of Romans, and the teacher talked about how their downfall came to many factors, invasion, internal strife, and the fact that they used lead as their plumbing and many people in Rome were being slowly poisoned. And as someone who worships history, I never forgot one kid who said: People in the past were so stupid, how could they not realise they were poisoning themselves.
    And the teacher said: Well we today might be using materials that in the future they will learn are actually poisonous to us.

    • @AdNoctemMedia
      @AdNoctemMedia 2 ปีที่แล้ว +132

      Like, say, microplastics?

    • @jeremiahdewitt2072
      @jeremiahdewitt2072 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Lead poisoning from lead pipes was probably not the cause of lead poisoning bc the mineral deposit effectively kept the water from coming into to contact with the lead pipes. It would have most likely came from the ruling class of Romans and elites drinking and dining with pewter cups and plates.

    • @somaday2595
      @somaday2595 2 ปีที่แล้ว +44

      Upper class Romans used lead to sweeten wine.
      If the pH stays relatively high (for drinking water) and the pipes have calcium scale, Pb levels will stay low.
      I am not advocating using lead pipes, but the lead levels can be minimized by monitoring and acting on the chemistry.

    • @FernandoTorrera
      @FernandoTorrera 2 ปีที่แล้ว +26

      Yeah thanks for mentioning this there were things that mitigated lead poisoning. Also this is a great way of illustrating how humans need the scientific method to process info. Simply observing things in everyday life isn’t going to give you the answer.

    • @AutPen38
      @AutPen38 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Like, say, the internet?
      While we sit around watching TH-cam, Google and the other big tech companies are using their profits to build AI robots that will have a catastrophic effect on humanity.
      By merely acting as consumers (just like the people who had to use leaded petrol to get to work) we're culpable in messing up the world for future generations. Have a nice day.

  • @uno_revers
    @uno_revers 2 ปีที่แล้ว +662

    "This fuel is perfect"
    "Yeah but it's a bit stanky"
    "This one is very deadly"
    "YES"

    • @debblez
      @debblez 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      a stench that is impossible to get off you even by bathing is probably more likely to deter customers than a long term health problem that you will only notice decades down the line

    • @asherplatts6253
      @asherplatts6253 2 ปีที่แล้ว +7

      "It... STINKS!" -- John Loveitz

    • @maxschon7709
      @maxschon7709 2 ปีที่แล้ว +12

      Tellurium is toxic too.

    • @vich8810
      @vich8810 2 ปีที่แล้ว +8

      I can't imagine the one that stunk was much healthier or better for the environment...

    • @debblez
      @debblez 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@maxschon7709 yeah but you can’t tell that by purchasing it

  • @DannyHustle
    @DannyHustle 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    This was an outstanding program. Thank you. ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

  • @okotbryan2011
    @okotbryan2011 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Good content bravo

  • @Thegamingmaster74
    @Thegamingmaster74 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3494

    These sets are absolutely incredible! It’s insane how far veritasium has come!

    • @MrUssy101
      @MrUssy101 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6

      Hypocrisy of this guy thinks he is clever and we are stoopid. He is here to educate us?

    • @toseltreps1101
      @toseltreps1101 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      no

    • @alvaroampudia4382
      @alvaroampudia4382 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@MrUssy101 unless you have a PhD in physics, yes... he's going to educate you

    • @Ebani
      @Ebani 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@MrUssy101 You do seem stupid. As Forrest Gump succinctly put it: "Stupid is as stupid does"

    • @gustopher6500
      @gustopher6500 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@MrUssy101 yo what lmao

  • @acorgiwithacrown467
    @acorgiwithacrown467 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2725

    I love how whenever some horrible chemical is introduced that screws with humanity, dupont always has a hand in it.

    • @marciasloan534
      @marciasloan534 2 ปีที่แล้ว +55

      EXACTLY

    • @krustysurfer
      @krustysurfer 2 ปีที่แล้ว +21

      [sarcasm alert]
      Saginaw bay and surrounding despoiled lands and people loves the Dupont family.....

    • @anmweather8668
      @anmweather8668 2 ปีที่แล้ว +8

      Ever see the csb videos Dupont is there lmao

    • @ayushk4543
      @ayushk4543 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      @@anmweather8668 csb full form

    • @ps92809
      @ps92809 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@MOTV130 Dude you have some of the most generic content in the world you even have a "Don't click this video" video

  • @lelouchlamperouge8560
    @lelouchlamperouge8560 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    Back in 1984 or 85, during my training days in Shell Philippines located in Tabangao, Batangas, my training instructor and I were assigned to received a routine delivery by boat of TEL. We have to wear protective suits. I was told that this gasoline additive was highly toxic. I never knew it killed millions. Thanks heavens I’ve finished my six month training alive and well. Thanks for making this vid, it’s an eye opener.

  • @JGibbgg
    @JGibbgg 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +22

    I lost my Father in Dec of 2022 to a very unexpected cardiac arrest. He was an Aerospace engineer for most of his life and he loved his work, his succesfull team projects and seeing the world.
    He worked at Biggin Hill airport for around 10 years, then in Helsinki(Finair), Bristol (Rolls Royce Aerospace) & finally in Frankfurt.
    He had diabetes but he was very proactive about it, although he lost his big toe due to sepsis he was on the mend pretty quick, 6 months later his health dipped and hospital visits became frequent during the height of Covid, he was taken into hospital with shortness of breathe and lower back pain, he was diagnosed with Covid 19 and told he would be released the following day, he died later that night of a heart attack.
    Im probably clutching at staws here but this has given me hope that died for something he loved.

    • @FYMASMD
      @FYMASMD 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

      Yeah you’re definitely clutching at straws here.

    • @opetimistic
      @opetimistic 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

      Condolences

  • @BlueBetaPro
    @BlueBetaPro 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3966

    He did NOT "accidentally" kill the most people in history, he had PLENTY of chances to make things better at ANY point.

    • @chrislangtiw6395
      @chrislangtiw6395 2 ปีที่แล้ว +324

      Indeed. Willfully downplaying and ignoring the hazards, real and potential, can hardly be called accidental. All in the name of making money. Unfortunately that time period in particular has many examples of that kind of behavior, the consequences and results of which the world continues to deal with today. And don't forget industrial lobbying.

    • @elhajjmalikel6266
      @elhajjmalikel6266 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      Wait until you see the aftermath of Bill Gates and his 'safe & effective' shot....

    • @thecaynuck4694
      @thecaynuck4694 2 ปีที่แล้ว +16

      Would've been hard for him to undo all of that. Sad, because he was a great scientist and even helped find the age of the Earth and helped nuclear technology, but one innovation had more problems than he could've ever imagined.

    • @FerdEdits
      @FerdEdits 2 ปีที่แล้ว +46

      The title is just as much of an "accident"

    • @russell2449
      @russell2449 2 ปีที่แล้ว +108

      Yeah, he KNEW from the very beginning that his product was harmful and he chose greed and self-interest over the good of his fellow man, that's just plain evil, smh.

  • @someundeadtalent2016
    @someundeadtalent2016 ปีที่แล้ว +2933

    Pretty insane if you keep in mind that a very similar problem nowadays has come up with plastic. And people don’t want to get rid of it due to the same reasons - cost effective, practical, flexible in use.

    • @Sergmanny46
      @Sergmanny46 ปีที่แล้ว +148

      Yes but you don't get poisoned to death when touching/licking plastic, unlike lead.

    • @Kamitube
      @Kamitube ปีที่แล้ว +495

      @@Sergmanny46 They discovered we have plastic particles in our lungs. No one knows how that will affect us long term.

    • @Sergmanny46
      @Sergmanny46 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@Kamitube We have particles of literally anything and everything in our bodies, from the pans and pots you use to cook, to the cutlery and knives you use to eat your food, to the glass and plastic cups you use to drink your stuff.
      So let's not nitpick here, at this point it's just a matter of what thing will kill us first. At least nothing will be worse than lead.

    • @damnyejustgotbewitchedbyth2802
      @damnyejustgotbewitchedbyth2802 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      @@Sergmanny46 plastic's shrinking our dicks

    • @The_OwO_Shogun
      @The_OwO_Shogun ปีที่แล้ว +8

      @Elina
      Well then, now what?

  • @Simon-rx2ow
    @Simon-rx2ow 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

    This is a fantastic video

  • @michaelarrowood4315
    @michaelarrowood4315 4 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Very informative video. Thank you... I had of course heard of leaded gasoline (and pumped it myself many times decades ago), but did not know all of this information. (A side note: this is the first time I've heard the British pronunciation of solder (SOL-der) used instead of the typical American pronunciation (SAH-der). Is that a thing now?)

  • @ClemensAlive
    @ClemensAlive 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5995

    Wow! That whole octane explanation was the best one I've ever seen. Just so easy to understand.

    • @billythekid5628
      @billythekid5628 2 ปีที่แล้ว +57

      But, failed to say what is in the fuel today to help lubricate the engine parts instead of using lead.

    • @chefgiovanni
      @chefgiovanni 2 ปีที่แล้ว +23

      Happy Earth Day! The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. Why not get a few and plant them now ?

    • @xxxxxGhostBoyxxxxx
      @xxxxxGhostBoyxxxxx 2 ปีที่แล้ว +67

      @@billythekid5628 that's for u to figure out next. does everything has to be spoonfed?

    • @ls6jay
      @ls6jay 2 ปีที่แล้ว +55

      @@billythekid5628 the engine parts have changed. No need to be lubed by fuel.

    • @spvillano
      @spvillano 2 ปีที่แล้ว +27

      @@ls6jay true, though it's part lubrication, partly cushioning the valves when they closed. Modern components can withstand those stresses, old engines either needed a change of valves and seats or have leaded fuel.
      But, confounding the story is another source of lead that remains a problem today, lead paint.
      Ironically, there's still another source and one that's two feet away from me, lead solder for electronic circuits. Now, modern solders use greater amounts of silver and tin, which then introduces tin whiskers into the mess...

  • @lucasburford7881
    @lucasburford7881 2 ปีที่แล้ว +749

    The fact that ice is literally a physical time capsule for humanity (and the Earth) is absolutely fascinating, the fact that you can see the rise and fall of nations and major events in the ice is mind blowing, thanks for sharing!

    • @OxygenOS
      @OxygenOS 2 ปีที่แล้ว +17

      Indeed, I was also fascinated by it!

    • @shashwatsharma2596
      @shashwatsharma2596 2 ปีที่แล้ว +11

      @@OxygenOS your username deserves a like,
      PS : you can use TH-cam Vanced

    • @sourabhuwusingh
      @sourabhuwusingh 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6

      @@shashwatsharma2596 now you cant

    • @blackfrost273industries4
      @blackfrost273industries4 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      Be wary. I have heard of some people dispute the accuracy of ice coring. And to be transparent, I do not know the level of truthfulness of this as...tertiary sourced information. But it is a thought I think wise to keep in mind. Just like the quote I just heard him say around 23:00 minutes.

    • @vaisakhkm783
      @vaisakhkm783 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@shashwatsharma2596 it already baned.... which means you are not using and telling others to use:)
      You can use pipewire....

  • @batooljahan1047
    @batooljahan1047 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    I recently started watching your videos and realised that physics chemistry history all these subjects are not that boring as the schools have made them. These subjects are actually quite interesting and far from anything that is boring. I love your videos ❤❤

  • @InsaneHunter01
    @InsaneHunter01 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +2

    He did not accidently do it. The fact he 'demonstrated' that lead in the fuel was safe, made it very deliberate.

  • @jmchez
    @jmchez 2 ปีที่แล้ว +465

    A few years ago, on a talk show, Stephen Fry gave a clue to the other guests; "This man is considered to be the worst polluter in the history of mankind". The guests couldn't understand how a man could be a worse polluter than a country or a corporation. I knew who he was referring to.

    • @ccubsfan94
      @ccubsfan94 2 ปีที่แล้ว +19

      Ah, I figured it was a Blue Whale

    • @peppermintnightmare4741
      @peppermintnightmare4741 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@ccubsfan94 mmm salty oceans

    • @Dauthdart
      @Dauthdart 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      I think I learned this from a Citation Needed episode (Tom Scott)

    • @EagleKai
      @EagleKai 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5

      @@Dauthdart Heard about him both from Citation Needed as well as "A Short History of Nearly Everything" by Bill Bryson

    • @YoutubeChannel-ll6sw
      @YoutubeChannel-ll6sw 2 ปีที่แล้ว +6

      he certainly couldn't've done it without the help of corporations

  • @Serenity_Dee
    @Serenity_Dee 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1308

    The day I learned that the same dude who gave us leaded gasoline also shares partial credit in the development of CFCs was the day I learned that one person really can change the world.

    • @mike-cc3dd
      @mike-cc3dd 2 ปีที่แล้ว +19

      Career goals

    • @gromm93
      @gromm93 2 ปีที่แล้ว +18

      So long as they're changing it for a shitton of money, and aren't interested in any other consequences.

    • @richsackett3423
      @richsackett3423 2 ปีที่แล้ว +5

      Was that the day Putin invaded Ukraine?

    • @lonelyalchemist9865
      @lonelyalchemist9865 2 ปีที่แล้ว +20

      Following that thought, then if one person changed the world for the worst. Then someone can change the world for the better

    • @hleigh7201
      @hleigh7201 2 ปีที่แล้ว +4

      @@lonelyalchemist9865 Very true!

  • @theDaymare
    @theDaymare หลายเดือนก่อน

    Worldwide must now your video...!

  • @ivangrof8918
    @ivangrof8918 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    really good ending, love your videos

  • @leopold7562
    @leopold7562 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1116

    I'll accept that the Freon thing was probably accidental. Given the sequence of events that would need it to be broken apart to react with ozone, it's probably something one could easily overlook. But using lead in a compound that is being intentionally converted into a gas? Lead, a heavy metal that was discovered to be highly dangerous to humans almost two centuries earlier? Nah, that's no accident. That's despicable greed. Everything done by the Ethyl company was nothing more than a poor cover-up for the truth.

    • @bentraquet
      @bentraquet 2 ปีที่แล้ว +63

      This is the correct take. All about money.

    • @JSR80
      @JSR80 2 ปีที่แล้ว +53

      Academic research in Europe at the same time already knew that CFCs in the upper atmosphere would degrade ozone, however there was no way an industrialist in the US would easily come across that research.

    • @demenster7279
      @demenster7279 2 ปีที่แล้ว +22

      Ya the lead part was entirely intentional. It was a money decision.

    • @p10091518
      @p10091518 2 ปีที่แล้ว +8

      Yeah I kept waiting for there to be a surprise second person mentioned who actually killed people on accident thrown in at the end.

    • @Alexander_Kale
      @Alexander_Kale 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      It is not a stretch to assume that BOTH were entirely accidental, and if we are honest, then the mere notion that Freons might NOT have been would mark one as someone whose tin foil hat has been on way too tight for way to long.
      Keep in mind the dates. These inventions were effectively riding the coat tails of the later days of the industrial revolution. Science as a whole had simply not advanced enough. Remember Dr. Harvey Wiley and his work to eliminate poisonous chemicals from american Foodstuffs. Those chemicals had not been put in there for shits and giggles or because greedy American industrialists wanted to kill consumers. They had been put in there becuase they worked and because a cursory examination had deemed them safe.
      Again, it was not like the people mentioned in THIS video DIDN'T do any safety testing. The inhalation of Freons and Ethyl is CLEARLY mentioned. They THOUGHT it was safe at first, and it simply took DECADES for any evidence to the contrary to come along.
      No one had as of yet imagined that regulations like the one we have today might be necessary. Something was either toxic or it wasn't, and if the former, you would feel consequences in a short timeframe. You would die, or your teeth would fall out, or your bones would rot (all real things that happened in early industrialization, look up "Phossy Jaw" if you want to traumatize yourself...).
      Studies on long term exposures to dangerous chemicals were just beginning to emerge. The very concept of such stringent rules as we now know to be necessary would have seemed needlessly alarmist to EVERYONE. People simply did not know better yet.
      If anything, this highlights how incredibly important agencies like the FDA are (again, see Dr Wiley), to prevent something like this getting into common use in the first place.

  • @birdwaveracing9
    @birdwaveracing9 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2854

    "Accidentally" sure is a generous qualifier for someone who knew exactly what he was doing.

  • @AlextheAce
    @AlextheAce 2 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    We just leaned about this Thomas Midgley in A-level chemistry and I watched this over a year ago and all I could think about was this video

  • @konstantinexeightysix1900
    @konstantinexeightysix1900 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Groundbreaking!

  • @kaynanpompeu2574
    @kaynanpompeu2574 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2505

    This guy is basically Dr. Catastrophe. Absolutely everything he did went wrong, remarkable.

    • @orterves
      @orterves 2 ปีที่แล้ว +136

      I dunno, for a beautiful moment in time he created a lot of value for shareholders.

    • @Dmyra
      @Dmyra 2 ปีที่แล้ว +25

      @@orterves rofl... almost as beautiful as the moment when you epic-ly reflected on it. sighh

    • @junarshfago
      @junarshfago 2 ปีที่แล้ว +2

      Well he is also responsible for today success too. Without him your ears would have been rapture.

    • @alexipestov7002
      @alexipestov7002 2 ปีที่แล้ว +43

      @@junarshfago We have a blend of E85, which is the ethanol solution to the knock problem. Without his input, we'd probably be in the same place today, minus some of the damage

    • @junarshfago
      @junarshfago 2 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@alexipestov7002 and when exactly this happen

  • @anthonykeller5120
    @anthonykeller5120 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1289

    My best friend died due to lead poisoning. It took doctors six years to figure it out. David was an electronics engineer who spent years in an electronics lab intermittently bent over bread boards soldering connections. David inadvertently ended up breathing the lead in the solder in very small quantities, and the build up in his body finally caught up to him.

    • @arthurmorgan1593
      @arthurmorgan1593 2 ปีที่แล้ว +53

      Sorry for your loss.

    • @tomp7835
      @tomp7835 2 ปีที่แล้ว +36

      While I am sorry your friend suffered and died he was partly to blame. I solder everyday and use a HEPA fume extractor to pull the solder fumes away. In addition, I wash my hands frequently to reduce the amount of lead absorbed. Part of my education was how to work safely with solder.

    • @nephthysbastet4809
      @nephthysbastet4809 2 ปีที่แล้ว +57

      @@tomp7835 "David inadvertently ended up breathing the lead in the solder in very small quantities, " From above. What makes you think that Anthony's best friend didn't do the same precautions as you do? Nowhere does it say that he didn't.

    • @tomp7835
      @tomp7835 2 ปีที่แล้ว +35

      @@nephthysbastet4809 because I see it everyday, many people know what they should do, but don't. Many have the attitude that it won't hurt them; others just don't care. Much like the inventors of leaded gas.

    • @tomp7835
      @tomp7835 2 ปีที่แล้ว +16

      @@nephthysbastet4809 by the way, one doesn't inadvertently breathe the solder fumes.

  • @AntonVattay
    @AntonVattay 4 หลายเดือนก่อน +3

    Wow. I knew about the toxicity of lead and leaded fuel but I had no idea how massive of a societal effect this had. Wild that we still have lead raining down on us from 100LL aviation fuel.

  • @LilJollyJoker
    @LilJollyJoker 3 หลายเดือนก่อน +1

    This video blew my mind!

  • @NineSun001
    @NineSun001 ปีที่แล้ว +3683

    Can't call it "by accident" if he activly tries to keep the truth about the toxicity away from the public. He and his boss are surely in the top ten of worst human being ever lived on this planet.
    It does not matter if it was intentional or not. The damage he had done is irredeemable.

    • @meganj2799
      @meganj2799 ปีที่แล้ว

      @@peepeepoopoo5932 Hitler purposefully had people marched out of their homes, left to die from the elements, shot and suffocated and starved to death--and he purposefully targeted people he considered to be worth less than the "superior" race, including people with disabilities. I think this is an unfair comparison. But I would compare the man who put lead in gasoline to heads of food corporations today who deny how much sugar is harming people's health and shortening their lives because sugar helps them make a better profit.

    • @meganj2799
      @meganj2799 ปีที่แล้ว +54

      I could also add MSGs, GMOs, pesticides, herbicides, hormones, and other artificial things in common USA foods that are wreaking havoc on our bodies

    • @theolympiyn8670
      @theolympiyn8670 ปีที่แล้ว +286

      @@meganj2799 hormones? GMOS? Wha

    • @derrshnipp4344
      @derrshnipp4344 ปีที่แล้ว +89

      @@meganj2799 lmao

    • @holdenennis
      @holdenennis ปีที่แล้ว +68

      @Peepee Poopoo He said they were in the top ten, not that they were first and second.

  • @WormholeJim
    @WormholeJim 2 ปีที่แล้ว +440

    Imagine if that one guy had said "No, I can't responsibly go on developing leaded gasoline when I know how unhealthy it is. Even with that profit-margin it's just not worth it," noted a failure in his research paper and abandoned that line of research to instead keep on looking for other additives.

    • @jacobp.2024
      @jacobp.2024 2 ปีที่แล้ว +104

      No one would know his name, but he'd be a hero: discrediting lead as an additive and preventing it from being used in the future.

    • @hatless6056
      @hatless6056 2 ปีที่แล้ว +63

      ...or someone will notice his paper and continue the research for profit.

    • @dukedub
      @dukedub 2 ปีที่แล้ว +16

      what and not become wildly rich? hahaha i believe so little in humanity that I don't for one moment think any single person on this planet would choose any different than this guy did.

    • @MLGDatBoi
      @MLGDatBoi 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      Mate when you've discovered a way to get what would be 3 billion dollars today, you wouldn't care about the consequences of that method on others.

    • @zerarch77
      @zerarch77 2 ปีที่แล้ว +35

      "Thanks for the research. Now we know how effective leaded gas is, and how dangerous it is."
      "Since you are not interested in using it, we will now proceed without you."

  • @FerRaviola
    @FerRaviola 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Currently reading "A short history of nearly everything" and I vividly remembered having watched this video. Coincidentally, you tube decided to show it to me again

  • @blazeflixx
    @blazeflixx 3 หลายเดือนก่อน

    Stayed till the end to support ur add

  • @gali01992
    @gali01992 2 ปีที่แล้ว +302

    Back in the 70s and 80s, I was a meteorologist in the US Army, responsible for sending up weather balloon flights. The radiosonde at the bottom of the balloon recorded temperature, humidity, and pressure. The pressure was measured by a commutator bar which was a bar with alternating conductors and insulators, and a bellows with a needle running across it would detect the pressure. This was inaccurate since the conductors were only about 1/100th of an inch across. So, to increase the accuracy, hypsometers were added to the radiosondes. A hypsometer is a tube filled with liquid trichloromonofluoromethane (modified Freon) with a thermistor measuring the temperature of the boiling point of the liquid. The higher the altitude, the lower the pressure, and the lower the boiling point. This worked well until the mid 1970s when scientists realized that Freon was messing up the ozone in the stratosphere. Steps were immediately taken (and orders given to us meteorologists) to eliminate hypsometers since they were delivering a critical dose of Freon (about 1 1/2 to 2 oz) directly into the stratosphere (and sometimes the mesosphere), enough to nearly eliminate the ozone in the vicinity of the radiosonde flight. What took Freon years to do from the ground, a hypsometer could do in minutes.

    • @mrsouthjersey4956
      @mrsouthjersey4956 2 ปีที่แล้ว +16

      Hmm, I had to read that twice before "it took".
      Very interesting and a little scary also.

    • @averyalexander2303
      @averyalexander2303 2 ปีที่แล้ว +11

      Perhaps that did more damage to the ozone layer than the CFCs released on Earth? Refrigerants such as R12 and R22 are several times DENSER than air and quickly sink to the ground when released, so how CFCs got miles up into the sky to damage the ozone layer without help as you described is beyond me.

    • @vigilantcosmicpenguin8721
      @vigilantcosmicpenguin8721 2 ปีที่แล้ว +9

      If anyone reading this is, like me, confused by the big words, a radiosonde is apparently a device that's suspended by a weather balloon that takes measurements of atmospheric conditions.

    • @kevinkillsit
      @kevinkillsit 2 ปีที่แล้ว +11

      That's wild, thanks for sharing. USG of course would never own up to this so I appreciate the honesty. It's the only way to learn from the mistakes of the past.

    • @iduranarturo
      @iduranarturo 2 ปีที่แล้ว +1

      Esto es sobrecogedor, gracias por la información, compañero de la tierra.

  • @fishyfish201
    @fishyfish201 2 ปีที่แล้ว +489

    One person single handedly decreased the average intelligence, increased crime rates, made a hole in the ozone layer, killed millions of people (himself included), and made people worldwide help him AND pay.

    • @HelenaOfDetroit
      @HelenaOfDetroit 2 ปีที่แล้ว +19

      Not necessarily. There were other sources of lead than just the gasoline back then. Lead paint, lead pipes, etc. To blame all the lead poisoning on one guy is a false narrative

    • @rightsideup6304
      @rightsideup6304 2 ปีที่แล้ว +7

      @@HelenaOfDetroit But not necessarily a wrong one. Leaded fuel played a huge chunk of the problem.

    • @HelenaOfDetroit
      @HelenaOfDetroit 2 ปีที่แล้ว +46

      @@rightsideup6304
      Me: "To blame all the lead poisoning on one guy is a false narrative."
      You: "But not necessarily a wrong one."
      I can see you understand lead poisoning from first hand experience.

    • @fanciopantsio8645
      @fanciopantsio8645 2 ปีที่แล้ว +14

      @@HelenaOfDetroit Goddamn Helena

    • @vibewithsri8064
      @vibewithsri8064 2 ปีที่แล้ว +3

      @@HelenaOfDetroit bruhhh💀💀💀 good one though

  • @Leibniz_28
    @Leibniz_28 2 หลายเดือนก่อน

    This is a must to watch for every human